UN experts say Arizona immigration law may not be compatible with international human rightsMay 12th, 2010 - 2:44 am ICT by BNO News
UNITED NATIONS (BNO NEWS) – Independent United Nations (UN) experts expressed their serious concern over the new Arizona immigration law on Tuesday.
The UN experts questioned whether the legislation is compatible with international human rights treaties which the United States has signed on to.
“A disturbing pattern of legislative activity hostile to ethnic minorities and immigrants has been established with the adoption of an immigration law that may allow for police action targeting individuals on the basis of their perceived ethnic origin,” they said.
“The law may lead to detaining and subjecting to interrogation persons primarily on the basis of their perceived ethnic characteristics,” the UN experts continued, as they explained that those who appear to be of Mexican, Latin American or indigenous origin are more likely to be targeted.
The new law requires that state law enforcement officers determine the immigration status of people based solely on a “reasonable suspicion” that they are in the U.S. illegally, and arrest people without a warrant if officers have “probable cause” to believe they are illegal aliens.
But, “relevant international standards require that detention be used only as an exceptional measure, justified, narrowly tailored and proportional in each individual case, and that it be subject to judicial review,” they added.
“States are obligated to not only eradicate racial discrimination, but also to promote a social and political environment conducive to respect for ethnic and cultural diversity,” they continued.
The experts include Jorge Bustamante, Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Githu Muigai, Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, James Anaya, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Farida Shaheed, Independent Expert in the field of cultural rights, Vernor Muñoz, Special Rapporteur on the right to education, and Gay McDougall, Independent Expert on minority issues.
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Tags: anaya, bno, cultural diversity, ethnic characteristics, ethnic minorities, forms of racism, fundamental freedoms, human rights treaties, illegal aliens, immigration law, immigration status, independent expert, international human rights treaties, jorge bustamante, legislative activity, police action, political environment, racial discrimination, reasonable suspicion, relevant international standards