Premature birth affects health well into adulthoodMarch 26th, 2008 - 2:04 pm ICT by admin
New York, March 26 (IANS) Premature babies carry greater health risks into adulthood than previously thought, according to a survey of more than a million men and women. “When a baby is born pre-term (premature), we tend to focus on the short-term risk of complications,” said Geeta Swamy of Duke University, a co-author of the long-term study.
“While it is true that the risk of complications is highest in the immediate time period, including hospitalisation and the first year of life, that risk continues into adolescence. Those who are born extremely prematurely are more likely to have complications throughout their lives.”
Premature birth, defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of infant mortality. Research has documented the short-term complications as well as the long-term disabilities survivors must cope with.
Findings of the survey appear in the latest issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Swamy and fellow researchers used a national population-based registry containing birth and death data to analyse how premature birth affects long-term survival, subsequent reproduction and next-generation premature birth.
The study spanned 20 years, from 1967 through 1988. Births occurred on or after 22 weeks and through 37 weeks gestation.
The study found that boys born between 22 and 27 weeks had the highest rate of early childhood death.
Reproduction rates were considerably lower for men and women born premature when compared to those born at term. Reproduction increased in direct proportion to higher gestational age.
Women born premature were more likely to experience recurrent premature birth and an increased risk of adverse outcomes in their offspring. A similar pattern was reported for foetal stillbirth and infant mortality among women born premature.
- Premature babies survive better in neonatal ICUs - Jul 24, 2012
- Rise in temperature can lead to stillbirths - Dec 16, 2011
- Stress likely to reduce brain size of preterm babies - Oct 04, 2011
- 'Half of all child deaths in India due to pre-term births' - May 02, 2012
- Tiniest, largest foetuses at greater risk of stillbirth - Jun 28, 2012
- Best time for birth of twins is 37 weeks - Jun 15, 2012
- Late-preterm babies 'at greater risk for cognitive, emotional problems' - Nov 23, 2010
- Marijuana doubles premature birth risk - Jul 19, 2012
- IVF babies from frozen embryos healthier - Jan 09, 2012
- 15 million babies born prematurely every year - May 03, 2012
- How hormone progesterone acts to prevent preterm birth - Feb 06, 2010
- Mom's voice perks up premature baby's condition - Mar 09, 2012
- Rushing Birth Even A Little Can Hurt Babies' Health, Study Says - Jan 05, 2011
- Depression during pregnancy ups risk for preterm birth, low birth weight - Oct 05, 2010
- Major breakthrough in preventing premature birth - Apr 07, 2011
Tags: age women, american medical association, cause of infant mortality, childhood death, death data, direct proportion, duke university, fellow researchers, gestational age, journal of the american medical association, leading cause of infant mortality, mortality research, national population, premature babies, premature birth, reproduction rates, stillbirth, swamy, term disabilities, term survival