Neanderthals lived in houses, not caves

December 20th, 2011 - 3:13 pm ICT by IANS  

London, Dec 20 (IANS) A 44,000-year-old house of the Neanderthals made from mammoth bones and decorated with carvings and pigments was discovered in eastern Ukraine. It had been thought Neanderthals, who died out around 30,000 years ago, were primitive nomads who lived in caves for shelter.

The house in Molodova had 25 hearths, which proves Neanderthals were not primitive nomads, and they could also anticipate changing seasons.

The discovery is believed to be the earliest example of a domestic house built from bone and suggests our ancestors were more homely than previously thought, Daily Mail reported Monday.

Researchers from the Museum National d’Histories Naturelle in Paris said it suggests the early human ancestors settled in areas where they built structures to live for extended periods of time.

The circular house was made up of 116 large bones, including mammoth skulls, jaws, 14 tusks and leg bones.

And inside at least 25 hearths filled with ash were also found, suggesting it had been used for some time, the Mail said.

It is believed the Neanderthals hunted and killed the mammoths for meat before using their bones but also collected some of the bones from animals that had died of natural causes.

It adds to the growing view that Neanderthals sophisticated humans who has their own culture and may have even used language to communicate, the newspaper added.

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