NASA returns to the moon on India’s Chandrayaan-1

October 22nd, 2008 - 1:14 am ICT by IANS  

ISROWashington, Oct 21 (IANS) The American space agency NASA is sending two instruments to map the lunar surface on India’s maiden moon voyage on its robotic Chandrayaan-1 mission Wednesday.The Moon Mineralogy Mapper will assess mineral resources, and the Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar, or Mini-SAR, will map the polar regions and look for ice deposits, according to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA.

“The opportunity to fly NASA instruments on Chandrayaan-1 undoubtedly will lead to important scientific discoveries,” NASA Administrator Michael Griffin said here Tuesday.

“This exciting collaboration represents an important next step in what we hope to be a long and mutually beneficial relationship with India in future civil space exploration.”

Indian Space Research Organization, or ISRO, is scheduled to launch Chandrayaan-1 into a lunar polar orbit for a two-year mission Oct 22 from Sriharikota, India.

The spacecraft also will carry four instruments and a small lunar impactor provided by ISRO, and four instruments from Europe.

Data from the two NASA instruments will contribute to its increased understanding of the lunar environment as it implements the nation’s space exploration policy, which calls for robotic and human missions to the moon, the agency said.

The Moon Mineralogy Mapper is a state-of-the-art imaging spectrometer that will provide the first map of the entire lunar surface at high spatial and spectral resolution, revealing the minerals that make up the moon’s surface.

Scientists will use this information to answer questions about the moon’s origin and geological development, as well as the evolution of terrestrial planets in the early solar system.

The map also may be used by astronauts to locate resources, possibly including water, that can support exploration of the moon and beyond.

The Mini-SAR is a small imaging radar that will map the permanently shadowed lunar polar regions, including large areas never visible from Earth. The Mini-SAR data will be used to determine the location and distribution of water ice deposits on the moon.

Data from the instrument will help scientists learn about the history and nature of objects hitting the moon, and the processes that throw material from the outer solar system into the inner planets, NASA said.

In addition to the two science instruments, NASA will provide space communications support to Chandrayaan-1. The primary location for the NASA ground tracking station will be at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland

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