LTTE: A Chronology

May 17th, 2009 - 10:40 pm ICT by IANS  

Colombo, May 17 (IANS) The following is the chronology of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which Sunday announced an end to its armed struggle for an independent Tamil state in Sri Lanka.
1972: Velupillai Prabhakaran forms Tamil New Tigers (TNT)

1976: Prabhakaran sets up LTTE

1978: Issues its first press statement

1983: Kills 13 soldiers in Jaffna; anti-Tamil violence leads to Tamil insurgency

1986: Wipes out biggest rival Tamil militant group

1987: Takes on Indian Army deployed in Sri Lanka’s northeast. The troops pull out in 1990 after suffering nearly 1,200 dead

1989-90: Holds talks with President Ranasinghe Premadasa

1990: Takes control of Jaffna peninsula, runs de facto state. Massacres 600 policemen who surrendered

1991: Blows up Defence Minister Ranjan Wijeratne

1991: LTTE suicide bomber kills Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian prime minister

1992: India outlaws LTTE

1993: Assassinates President Premadasa at May Day rally

1994-95: Agrees to talk to President Chandrika Kumaratunga

1995: Loses Jaffna in December

1996: Overruns army complex in Mullaitivu, slaughters some 1,200 soldiers and policemen in 72 hours.

1998-99: Seizes vast areas in Sri Lanka’s north and east

2001: Attacks Sri Lanka’s only international airport, nearby air base

2002: LTTE, Colombo sign Norway-brokered ceasefire agreement, hold peace talks

2003: Walks out of peace process

2004: LTTE splits, eastern regional commander Karuna walks away with thousands of cadres

2005: LTTE sniper kills Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar

2006: Attempts to assassinate Army Chief Sarath Fonseka and Defence Secretary Gothabaya Rajapaksa

2007: Launches air strike near Colombo; loses control of Sri Lanka’s east

2008: Sri Lanka pulls out of 2002 truce pact; vows to destroy LTTE

2009: Loses vast areas in north including Kilinochchi, hub of de facto state

May 17, 2009: LTTE decides to “silence” guns, says armed struggle has come to “bitter end”

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