Licking your wounds may help them heal faster

July 24th, 2008 - 5:41 pm ICT by IANS  

London, July 24 (IANS) Researchers have identified a compound in saliva that accelerates healing of chronic wounds resulting from diabetes and other disorders, as well as traumatic injuries and burns. These compounds can also be mass-produced, with the potential of becoming as commonplace as antibiotic creams.

“We hope our finding is ultimately beneficial for people who suffer from non-healing wounds, such as foot ulcers and diabetic ulcers, as well as for treatment of trauma-induced wounds like burns,” said Menno Oudhoff, co-author of the report produced at the end of the research study.

Scientists found that histatin, a small protein in saliva previously only thought to kill bacteria, was responsible for the healing.

Researchers used epithelial cells lining the inner cheek, and cultured in dishes until the surfaces were completely covered with cells.

Then they made an artificial wound in the cell layer in each dish, by scratching a small piece of the cells away. In one dish, cells were bathed in an isotonic fluid without any additions.

In the other dish, cells were bathed in human saliva. After 16 hours the scientists noticed that the saliva treated “wound” was almost completely closed.

In the dish with the untreated “wound”, a substantial part was still open. This proved that human saliva contains a factor that accelerates wound closure of oral cells.

“Because saliva is a complex liquid with many components, the next step was to identify which component was responsible for wound healing.”

Using various techniques the researchers split the saliva into its individual components, tested each in their wound model, and finally determined that histatin was responsible.

“This study not only answers the biological question of why animals lick their wounds,” said Gerald Weissmann, editor-in-chief of The FASEB Journal, which carried the report.

“It also explains why wounds in the mouth, like those of a tooth extraction, heal much faster than comparable wounds of the skin and bone.”

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