Historic Significance of Treaty of Ghent

March 25th, 2009 - 9:40 pm ICT by GD  

The treaty of Ghent that was signed on the 24th of December 1814, in the province of Ghent, which is now located in Belgium, was the peace treaty that brought an end to the War of 1812, between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

With the signing of the Treaty of Ghent the relations between the two countries was restored to a status quo “ante bellum”. Due to the lack of good and speedy communication of that time, it was a relatively long time for the news of the Peace Treaty to reach the shores of America, in fact the news only reached the American shores well after the “Battle of New Orleans” had ended.

According to the agreement of the Treaty of Ghent, all prisoners of wars were released and all the war land and the boats were restored. Approximately 10,000,000 acres (40,000 sq. km) was returned to America, which included the areas around Michigan, Maine, Lake Superior and towards the Pacific Coast.

The British also made an agreement to release and return the captured slaves. However, later America was paid 250,000 pounds for the slaves.

When the news of the peace treaty finally reached America the fighting immediately came to an end. The Americans were victorious in the Battle of New Orleans and the British in the Battle of Fort Bowyer.

The Treaty of Ghent was unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate on February 16, 1815, followed by the exchange of ratification papers between the American President James Madison and the British Diplomat on the 17th of February and a day after on the 18th the Treaty of Ghent was officially proclaimed.

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