20th April is Adolf Hitler’s Birth AnniversaryApril 20th, 2008 - 10:06 pm ICT by amritpal
Today - 20th April or 420- is the Birthday of Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was a politician born on 20 April 1889 who led the National Socialist German Workers Party. He became Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933 and Führer in 1934. He ruled until 1945. Let us explore some not so well known facts about him.
Adolf’s Father “Alois Hitler” was born illegitimate. For the first 39 years of his life he bore his mother’s surname, Schicklgruber. I was only in 1876, that he took the surname of his stepfather, Johann Georg Hiedler.
Hitler said that, as a boy, he was often beaten by his father. Years later he told his secretary, “I then resolved never again to cry when my father whipped me. A few days later I had the opportunity of putting my will to the test. My mother, frightened, took refuge in the front of the door. As for me, I counted silently the blows of the stick which lashed my rear end.”
The young Hitler was a good student in elementary school. But in the sixth grade, his first year of high school (Realschule) in Linz he failed and had to repeat the grade. His teachers said that he had “no desire to work.” At age 16, Hitler dropped out of high school without a degree.
When Adolf Hitler was 21, he struggled as a painter in Vienna, copying scenes from postcards and selling his paintings to merchants and tourists. He was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (1907–1908), citing “unfitness for painting,” and was told his abilities lay instead in the field of architecture.
Hitler was a vegetarian, non-smoker and promoted aggressive anti-smoking campaigns throughout Germany. Hitler was a gifted orator who captivated many with his beating of the lectern and growling, emotional speech. He honed his skills by giving speeches to soldiers during 1919 and 1920. He became adept at telling people what they wanted to hear (the stab-in-the-back, the Jewish-Marxist plot to conquer the world, and the betrayal of Germany in the Versailles treaty) and identifying a scapegoat for their plight.
Hitler claimed that Jews were enemies of the Aryan race. He held them responsible for Austria’s crisis. He also identified certain forms of Socialism and Bolshevism, which had many Jewish leaders, as Jewish movements, merging his anti-Semitism with anti-Marxism. Later, blaming Germany’s military defeat on the 1918 revolutions, he considered Jews the culprit of Imperial Germany’s downfall and subsequent economic problems as well.
Although initially he wanted to run away from Miltiary service, he was twice decorated for bravery while in Bavarian regiment. He received the Iron Cross, Second Class, in 1914 and Iron Cross, First Class, in 1918.
While doing his dangerous duties at regimental headquarters Hitler pursued his artwork. He drew cartoons and instructional drawings for an army newspaper. During the first World war he had become a passionate German patriot, although he did not become a German citizen until 1932.
One of the foundations of Hitler’s social policies was the concept of racial hygiene. Applied to human beings, “survival of the fittest” was interpreted as requiring racial purity and killing off “life unworthy of life.” The first victims were children with physical and developmental disabilities; those killings occurred in a program dubbed Action T4. After a public outcry, Hitler made a show of ending this program, but the killings in fact continued.
In April 1945, Soviet forces attacked the outskirts of Berlin. Hitler’s followers urged him to flee to the mountains of Bavaria to make a last stand in the National Redoubt. But Hitler was determined to either live or die in the capital.
On 30 April 1945, after intense street-to-street combat, when Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellory, Hitler committed suicide, shooting himself while simultaneously biting into a cyanide capsule.Hitler also had his dog Blondi poisoned before his suicide.