‘Over the counter pill won’t reduce teen pregnancies’

December 24th, 2008 - 12:13 pm ICT by IANS  

London, Dec 24 (IANS) Making oral contraceptives available without prescription will not reduce unwanted pregnancies, according to an expert.Sarah Jarvis of the Royal College of Physicians argues that it is a lack of daily compliance with taking oral contraceptives which is partly responsible for the high rates of unintended teenage pregnancies in Britain.

Studies have shown that nearly half of all women on the oral pill miss one or more pills in each cycle, and nearly a quarter missed two or more. These women are three times more likely to get pregnant unintentionally than those who take the pill consistently.

She points out that the availability of emergency contraception without prescription has done little to change the rate of teenage pregnancies, said a Royal College statement. Her article was published in bmj.com.

Jarvis believes that the solution lies in long acting reversible contraceptives such as the coil, or those which can be placed under the skin or injected.

They last between three months and three years, and because they are not dependent on patients taking them correctly, are much more reliable than oral contraceptives, she adds.

“Increased uptake of reliable, non user-dependent methods, rather than making a potentially unreliable method of contraception more easily available, has to be the key,” she concludes.

But Daniel Grossman of Ibis Reproductive Health argues that the requirement for a prescription is a barrier to oral contraceptive use in some women.

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