Nutraceuticals in energy drinks, foodsMarch 20th, 2011 - 6:38 pm ICT by IANS
Washington, March 20 (IANS) Besides caffeine, there are many other items like nutraceuticals that are widely used in energy drinks and foods.
Nutraceutical is a term combining the words “nutrition” and “pharmaceutical”. It is a food or food product that provides health and medical benefits.
A new study by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) takes a closer look at some of the current and up-and-coming ingredients being used in energy drinks and foods, the journal Food technology reports.
For instance, slow-digesting carbohydrates offer sustained energy benefits as they are derived from sucrose and are different from sugar because they release energy at a slower rate, according to an IFT statement.
Botanicals such as ginkgo biloba, ginseng, yerba mate and milk thistle are known to provide “natural” energy. Some other botanicals are:
* Green tea is a natural source of caffeine. Research indicates potential benefits of green tea extracts in areas such as energy expenditure, enhanced metabolism and fat oxidation.
* Nitrate-rich beetroot juice has the potential to increase exercise endurance.
* B Vitamins aid in the breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose, which provides energy, and the breakdown of fats and proteins.
* Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine) functions as a cofactor in enzyme reactions, many of which are related to the metabolism of amino acids and other proteins.
* Vitamin B-12 plays a role in energy metabolism, Vitamin B-1 helps in the conversion of blood sugar to energy.
* L-Carnitine is important in supplying energy to many organs, such as the heart, muscles, liver, and immune cells.
It plays an essential role in the body for producing energy from fat, ensuring athletic endurance, promoting recovery after exercise, providing the heart and immune cells with energy, and preventing early onset of fatigue during exercise.
* Taurine is an amino acid that is used in popular beverages to increase energy. The combination of taurine and caffeine is believed to give energy drink consumers an energy buzz.
* Coenzyme Q10 plays a role in energy and endurance.
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