Kalam calls for earthquake prediction, monsoon research

October 21st, 2008 - 8:15 pm ICT by IANS  

Hyderabad, Oct 21 (IANS) Former Indian president A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Tuesday asked scientists and disaster management specialists to focus efforts on forecasting natural disasters so that the loss of life and property could be minimised.”We should work for reducing the effects of disasters on mankind through advanced prediction. If we can predict occurrence of a disaster, we can significantly prevent the loss of life and damage to the property,” he said while inaugurating the first World Congress on Disaster Management here.

The eminent scientist suggested the participants to identify areas of inter-disciplinary research for advanced prediction of disasters.

He underlined the need for earthquake prediction.

“Earthquakes in different parts of the world are resulting in loss of life and wealth, destroying decades of progress made by countries. India has earthquake problems periodically in certain regions. It is essential to forecast earthquakes using multiple parameters such as pre-shock conditions and atmospheric and ionospheric anomalies,” he said.

“Ten years ago it was impossible but today it is possible to predict earthquakes. Many teams are working on it.”

Kalam also called for efforts for accurate and on time prediction of monsoon and said there was a need for global monsoon research to predict the quantum of rain in particular cloud conditions.

He suggested establishment of a national critical information infrastructure protection centre in every nation to “ensure availability of technology, tools and system to prevent damage to network and system that are part of the national economic strategic system”.

He said National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) could consider research institutions and academia both in India and abroad who can be entrusted with the task of research in these areas.

Kalam said national and international resources should be identified, earmarked and kept in readiness anticipating an event. “They should be trained and harmonised to work with the zeal and determination in the event of an occurrence of a disaster.”

Disaster Management, Infrastructure and Control Society (DMICS) is organising the four-day event in association with the central and the state government organisations, and NGOs.

The congress will focus on the prevention and mitigation of disasters through international co-operation and local preparedness besides the development of infrastructure.

The themes of the world congress include water and climate-related disasters, geological, chemical, environmental, industrial, nuclear, terror, biological, accident and health disasters.

Prahlada, steering committee chairman and chief controller Defence Research Development Organisation, Ministry of Defence, said over 300 experts and scientists, including 85 delegates from 50 countries, were attending the congress being held for the first time in the country.

Prahlada said 15 plenary talks and 15 technical sessions would be conducted during the congress and its recommendations would be submitted to the union government and the state government to initiate measures on disaster management.

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