India to avert 3 million HIV cases: World BankNovember 30th, 2011 - 11:34 pm ICT by IANS
New Delhi, Nov 30 (IANS) India is expected to avert 3 million new HIV infections during the period 1995-2015 by using targeted interventions among vulnerable groups, according to a World Bank study released Wednesday.
The study, ‘Impact of Targeted Interventions on Heterosexual Transmission of HIV in India’, evaluated the impact of targeted interventions among female sex workers in four high prevalent states — Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
The study found a significant decline in HIV prevalence among female sex workers and young women (15-24 years) seeking antenatal care in the high-prevalence southern states.
The drop in prevalence is associated with a significant increase in consistent condom use.
“Among the women seeking antenatal care in districts with high intensity of targeted interventions, HIV prevalence declined by more than 50 percent from 1.9 percent in 2001 to 0.8 percent in 2008, compared with low-intensity districts where the infection rate remained constant at 0.9 percent in both 2001 and 2008,” it said.
The study shows the cost-effectiveness of these targeted HIV-prevention interventions for female sex workers and estimates that 3 million HIV infections will be averted by this strategic approach during 1995-2015.
“There has been a tremendous scale-up of prevention and treatment interventions under this program, which has led to an overall reduction in new infections and AIDS-related deaths in India,” said Sayan Chatterjee, secretary and director general of National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO).
Since the launch of the NACO in 1991, India has worked in close partnership with the World Bank and other development partners to focus on prevention among vulnerable populations at highest risk of contracting HIV.
“AIDS remains a critical development issue that is reversing decades of human progress. With 34 million people living with HIV, AIDS continues to decimate communities, stymie economic growth, and orphan children,” said David Wilson, the Bank’s global HIV/AIDS programme director.
The first HIV positive case in India was detected in 1986 in Tamil Nadu. Now there are around 2.5 million HIV-positive people nationwide.
- 56 percent drop in HIV infections since 2000 - Aug 24, 2012
- HIV project saved 100,000 in India from infection: Study - Oct 11, 2011
- India undeterred by global donors' pullout for AIDS control (Dec 1 is World AIDS Day) - Nov 30, 2011
- NACO, global fund sign agreement to scale up HIV/AIDS related services in India - Sep 08, 2010
- China to have 1.2 mn HIV-affected people by 2015 - Dec 04, 2010
- Integrate Hepatitis C testing with HIV: NGOs - Oct 21, 2011
- 'India's AIDS control mission a successful model' - Feb 06, 2012
- China to have 1.2m HIV-positive people by the end of 2015 - Dec 04, 2010
- Sexually transmitted infections drop in Tamil Nadu: Survey - Nov 04, 2011
- Young women most vulnerable to HIV: UNAIDS - Jun 03, 2011
- Heterosexual HIV 'in China aggravated by unprotected sex, drugs' - Nov 09, 2010
- Homosexuality no disease, India must include MSM: UNAIDS - Jul 05, 2011
- Health ministry wary of merging AIDS department with NRHM - May 03, 2012
- Number of HIV patients dropping in India: New study - Nov 30, 2010
- Gonorrhea cure gets tough as bug grows drug resistant - Nov 08, 2011
Tags: aids control, condom use, consistent condom, contracting hiv, critical development, female sex workers, high intensity, hiv aids, hiv cases, hiv infections, hiv prevalence, hiv prevention interventions, human progress, living with hiv, national aids control organisation, study impact, tamil nadu, transmission of hiv, treatment interventions, vulnerable populations