French poet, politician Aime Cesaire diesApril 17th, 2008 - 9:41 pm ICT by admin
Paris, April 17 (DPA) Prominent French poet and anti-colonialist politician Aime Cesaire has died at the age of 94, French media reported Thursday. Cesaire passed away in a hospital in Fort-de-France, the capital of the Antilles island of Martinique, after a brief illness.
Born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique, Cesaire travelled to Paris as a young man and there studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure.
In Paris, he created, with Leopold Sedar Senghor and Leon Damas, the literary review “L’Etudiant Noir” (The Black Student), which marked the beginning of the so-called Negritude movement.
Negritude was a forerunner of the Black Power movement of the 1960s, emphasizing awareness of black heritage, values, and culture, and was used to rally decolonized Africans in the 1950s.
Cesaire moved back to Martinique in 1939 with his wife, fellow Martinican student Suzanne Roussi, and their young son.
He became a teacher at the Lyc