Child’s death elevates risk of mom’s demiseJune 29th, 2012 - 2:47 pm ICT by IANS
Washington, June 29 (IANS) Mothers face a 133 percent increase in the risk of dying within the first two years of the death of their child, a study says.
Researchers William Evans, at the University of Notre Dame and Javier Espinosa of the Rochester Institute of Technology, studied 69,224 mothers aged 20 to 50 years for nine years, tracking the mortality of children even after they had left the household.
It is the first study of its kind using a large, nationally representative US data source, the journal of Economics and Human Biology reported.
The study says this heightened mortality is concentrated within the first two years following the death of a child, regardless of the age of the child at the time of death, according to a university statement.
There also appeared to be no difference in results based on household income, mother’s education, family size, the child’s sex or the child’s cause of death.
The sample was composed of women who are married (84 percent), white (87 percent) and non-Hispanic (91 percent). Slightly more than half the mothers were between the ages of 20 and 34.
Though this study is the first to examine maternal mortality after the death of a child, earlier studies from Denmark in the area of parental bereavement found that parents who experienced the death of a child had a higher risk of first-time hospitalization for a psychiatric disorder than parents who did not lose a child.
Mothers had a higher relative risk than fathers, the effect of which was most acute during the first year and significantly elevated for five years or more.
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Tags: cause of death, data source, death of a child, demise, education family, espinosa, hospitalization, household income, human biology, journal of economics, maternal mortality, nine years, parental bereavement, psychiatric disorder, relative risk, rochester institute of technology, s education, time of death, university of notre dame, william evans