Solar System objects like Pluto to be called as plutoid

June 12th, 2008 - 12:18 pm ICT by ANI  

Paris, June 12 (ANI): The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has decided on the term plutoid as a name for dwarf planets in the solar system like Pluto.

The name plutoid was proposed by the members of the IAU Committee on Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN), accepted by the Board of Division III, by the IAU Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) and approved by the IAU Executive Committee at its recent meeting in Oslo, Norway.

Plutoids are celestial bodies in orbit around the Sun at a distance greater than that of Neptune that have sufficient mass for their self-gravity to overcome rigid body forces so that they assume a hydrostatic equilibrium (near-spherical) shape, and that have not cleared the neighbourhood around their orbit.

The two known and named plutoids are Pluto and Eris. It is expected that more plutoids will be named as science progresses and new discoveries are made.

The IAU has been responsible for naming planetary bodies and their satellites since the early 1900s.

The IAU Committee on Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN), who originally proposed the term plutoid, is responsible for naming small bodies (except satellites of the major planets) in the Solar System.

The CSBN will be working with the IAU Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) to determine the names of new plutoids to ensure that no dwarf planet shares the name of another small Solar System body.

Following the advice of the Division III Board and the two Working Groups, it was decided that, for naming purposes, any Solar System body having a semimajor axis greater than that of Neptune, and an absolute magnitude brighter than H = +1 magnitude will be considered to be a plutoid, and be named by the WGPSN and the CSBN.

Name(s) proposed by the discovery team(s) will be given deference.

If further investigations show that the object is not massive enough and does not qualify as a plutoid, it will keep its name but change category. (ANI)

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