What is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ?

September 11th, 2008 - 7:39 pm ICT by David M N James  

The Large Hadron ColliderThe experiment carried out at the Cern laboratory in Switzerland has suddenly made the world aware of the complexity and profundity of the scientific wonder. People are wondering and asking about terms such as hadron, Higgs boson and quark. These terms have different meaning, each representing itself as a different entity. The has been a glossary laid forward to explain the concept of these various terms all relating to particles. These includes:- Antimatter which is described as the opposite of matter. It’s thought that it only existed in equal quantities at the beginning of universe.

Large Hadron Collider experiment is to find out why. Atom is a particle made of electrons and nucleus which contains protons and neutrons, each mass is made up of atoms. Hadron , this is a collective term for the particles which make up atoms, including protons and neutrons. Higgs boson particle, a theoretical particle thought to be the missing link in the standard model of the universe, which is thought to give mass to all matter. It’s often called the “God particle”.

Large Hadron Collider is an underground tunnel which is runs 17 miles in circumference, in which particles will be smashed together at incredible speeds to recreate conditions in deep space moments after the big bang, the name given to the explosion which created the universe 14 billion years ago; Its considered one of the constituent parts of protons and neutrons, quark particles are thought to be held together by other particles called gluons. One of the four particle colliders in the Large Hadron Collider is designed to study them.

The Standard model is a collection of theories brought together, amount to the acknowledged perception about the behavior of particles and the make-up of the universe. The key weakness is that it cannot fully describe gravity or mass, but the LHC may help to break that gap. LHC is able to make particles travel at 99.99 per cent of the speed of light, or just over 670 million miles per hour. This implicates that they complete 11,245 laps of the 17-mile underground circuit within a second. At that speed it can take a particle more than four years to reach the nearest star to the Sun.

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