NASA’s Odyssey spacecraft sets exploration record on MarsDecember 16th, 2010 - 9:43 pm ICT by BNO News
PASADENA, CALIFORNIA (BNO NEWS) — NASA’s Mars Odyssey, which launched in 2001, has broken the record for longest-serving spacecraft at the Red Planet, the agency said.
The probe began its 3,340th day in Martian orbit at 5.55 p.m. PST on Wednesday to break the record set by NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor, which orbited Mars from 1997 to 2006.
Odyssey’s longevity enables continued science, including the monitoring of seasonal changes on Mars from year to year and the most detailed maps ever made of most of the planet.
In 2002, the spacecraft detected hydrogen just below the surface throughout Mars’ high-latitude regions. The deduction that the hydrogen is in frozen water prompted NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander mission, which confirmed the theory in 2008.
Odyssey also carried the first experiment sent to Mars specifically to prepare for human missions, and found radiation levels around the planet from solar flares and cosmic rays are two to three times higher than around Earth.
Odyssey also has served as a communication relay, handling most of the data sent home by Phoenix and NASA’s Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity. Odyssey became the middle link for continuous observation of Martian weather by NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor and NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
“Odyssey has proved itself to be a great spacecraft, but what really enables a spacecraft to reach this sort of accomplishment is the people behind it,” said Gaylon McSmith, Odyssey project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. “This is a tribute to the whole Odyssey team.”
Odyssey will support the 2012 landing of the Mars Science Laboratory and surface operations of that mission. Mars Science Laboratory, also known as the Curiosity rover, will assess whether its landing area has had environmental conditions favorable for microbial life and preserving evidence about whether life has existed there.
The rover will carry the largest, most advanced set of instruments for scientific studies ever sent to the Martian surface.
“The Mars program clearly demonstrates that world-class science coupled with sound and creative engineering equals success and longevity,” said Doug McCuistion, director of the Mars Exploration Program at NASA Headquarters in Washington.
Other recent NASA spacecraft at Mars include the Mars Global Surveyor that began orbiting the Red Planet in 1997. The Spirit and Opportunity rovers landed on Mars in January 2004. They have been exploring for six years, far surpassing their original 90-day mission.
Phoenix landed May 25, 2008, farther north than any previous spacecraft to the planet’s surface. The mission’s biggest surprise was the discovery of perchlorate, an oxidizing chemical on Earth that is food for some microbes, but potentially toxic for others.
The solar-powered lander completed its three-month mission and kept working until sunlight waned two months later. MRO arrived at Mars in 2006 on a search for evidence that water persisted on the planet’s surface for a long period of time.
- NASA's Odyssey spacecraft becomes Mars' longest-staying guest - Dec 16, 2010
- NASA's Mars Orbiter completes 5-yr mark - Mar 10, 2011
- Carbon dioxide frost consigns Phoenix Mars Lander to history - May 25, 2010
- Three more missions to Mars planned - Nov 24, 2011
- NASA's Odyssey orbiter to pass Martian career longevity record - Dec 10, 2010
- NASA's Mars rovers set new longevity record - May 20, 2010
- US rover to scout for Mars' habitability - Nov 27, 2011
- NASA, Microsoft collaborate to 'bring Mars to life' - Jul 13, 2010
- Curiosity makes maiden move on Mars - Aug 23, 2012
- Mars rover landing to be broadcast live - Aug 01, 2012
- Nuclear-powered US rover launched to probe Mars' habitability - Nov 26, 2011
- NASA completes `brain transplant' on Curiosity rover - Aug 15, 2012
- NASA declares Phoenix Mars lander dead - May 25, 2010
- NASA camera yields most accurate Mars map ever - Jul 24, 2010
- Mars rover sends back human voice recording - Aug 28, 2012
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