Gay men, not lesbians, face discrimination at the workplaceNovember 14th, 2007 - 2:55 am ICT by admin
According to the researchers, gay men who live together earn 23 percent less than married men, and 9 percent less than unmarried heterosexual men who live with a woman.
Discrimination is most prominent in management and blue-collar, male-dominated occupations such as building and grounds cleaning and maintenance; construction and extraction; and production.
The research team also found that lesbians are not discriminated against when compared with heterosexual women.
They team concluded that while negative attitudes toward lesbians could affect them, lesbians may benefit from the perception that they are more career-focused and less likely to leave the labour market to raise children than heterosexual women.
According to their study, 18.1 percent of lesbians have children, compared with 49.4 percent of straight women.
“Employers could reasonably infer that a lesbian applicant or current employee will have a stronger attachment to the labour force than will a heterosexual woman,” the researchers said.
The research team noted that previous studies of attitudes of heterosexual men toward gay men and lesbians show that the bias against gay men is much stronger. Other studies show that gay men are more likely to be the victim of violence because of their sexual identity than lesbians.
The authors referred to a number of possible factors as to why gay men experience labour discrimination and lower wages in certain industries. There is strong evidence indicating discrimination is tied to employer and employee bias.
“Employers may disapprove of gay lifestyles and act on this bias in making hiring decisions,” the researchers said.
Employers also may discriminate against gay men in response to the desires of the majority of employees. If employers consider mixing heterosexual and homosexual employees distracting and detrimental to productivity, the researchers said that the employers might consider it profitable to discriminate.
Gay men also may experience labour market discrimination because customers may not want to interact with them, thus influencing hiring practices.
“If customers prefer to interact with heterosexual employees, the owner will act on the customer’s taste for discrimination,” the researchers said.
The research team said that discrimination might occur as a result of anti-gay attitudes associated with AIDS and misunderstanding as to how HIV is transmitted.
Previous research has shown that people with HIV/AIDS have higher rates of absenteeism from work. The authors theorize that biased employers may be reluctant to hire gay men because they are concerned about a loss of productivity if a worker becomes infected with HIV/AIDS.
“If employers perceive one group to be generally less productive or more costly than other groups, individual members of the negatively perceived group will receive lower wage offers regardless of their true characteristics,” the researchers said.
In the study, it was found that employee/employer bias was the most prevalent and overwhelming indication of discrimination against gay men.
If the discrimination was consumer-based, the discrimination would be more evident in the services industry where there is direct interaction between employees and customers. If the discrimination was tied to AIDS/HIV status, the distribution of discrimination would be more uniform across industries.
The authors analysed labour and wage information from more than 91,000 heterosexual and homosexual couples collected by the U.S. Census March 2004 Current Population Survey.
The study is published in the Journal of Labour Research. (ANI)
- Strong link found between victimization experiences, substance abuse - Feb 25, 2011
- Do lesbians earn more than straight women? - Jan 04, 2011
- First ever pill to beat HIV under FDA consideration - May 10, 2012
- 'Indian corporates need to do more about AIDS, HIV awareness' - Nov 30, 2010
- Study: Gay guys are thinner - Jun 09, 2010
- Narcissistic hetero men hostile towards hetero women, not lesbians - Jul 29, 2010
- Aging LGB adults more likely to suffer chronic disease, mental distress - Mar 30, 2011
- Poor work ability linked to faster deterioration of health - Feb 01, 2011
- Study reveals Gay Guys To Be Thinner - Jun 09, 2010
- Only Rights Can Stop The Wrongs - Jul 20, 2010
- International Day Against Homophobia (17 May): Protect the right to life with dignity of LGBT community - May 14, 2010
- Gays more frequent blog readers, social network users - Jul 14, 2010
- Under fire for MSM comment, Azad clarifies stand (Second Lead) - Jul 05, 2011
- Job insecurity creates dissatisfaction - Feb 24, 2012
- Circumcision would do little to prevent HIV in gay men: Study - Jul 23, 2010
Tags: bias, discrimination at the workplace, economics, face discrimination, gay lifestyles, gay men, heterosexual men, heterosexual women, infer, labour market, lesbians, negative attitudes, professor, raise children, straight women, university of new hampshire, unmarried heterosexual, whittemore school