Important dates in Tibet’s recent historyMarch 9th, 2009 - 11:32 am ICT by IANS
Beijing, March 9 (DPA) The question of Tibet’s autonomy has been a bone of contention for decades. The following are important dates in modern Tibetan history:
1912 - Chinese troops expelled from Lhasa after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing. The 13th Dalai Lama declares independence from China. Tibet rules itself until 1950.
1935 - Fourteenth Dalai Lama born July 6.
1949 - The People’s Republic of China founded by Mao Zedong after the Chinese Civil War.
1950 - Chinese People’s Liberation Army invades Tibet in October.
- Fourteenth Dalai Lama enthroned in November.
1951 - Tibet’s representatives in May agree under pressure to a 17-point agreement, in which they give up independence but are promised autonomy from China.
- People’s Liberation Army enters Lhasa in September.
1954 - Dalai Lama visits Beijing.
1959 - Uprising against Chinese occupation begins in Lhasa March 10.
- Dalai Lama flees to India March 17. Large-scale destruction of monasteries and temples follows.
1965 - China creates the Tibet Autonomous Region, which includes about half of Tibet’s historical settlement area. The rest is incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces.
1966 - China’s Cultural Revolution - which includes further destruction of cultural heritage, temples and monasteries - begins. Farming organised into collectives.
1976 - Mao dies, and Cultural Revolution ends.
1979 - Slow liberalisation and opening of Tibet begins.
1980 - Communist Party leader Hu Yaobang visits Tibet.
1985 - Tibet opened to mass tourism.
1987 - Unrest breaks out in Lhasa and Shigatse.
1989 - Protests in Tibet violently crushed under current Chinese president and party leader, Hu Jintao.
2002 - Chinese government opens dialogue with the Dalai Lama. The talks have reached no agreement to date.
2008 - Protests spread to other Tibetan-settled regions March 14 after anti-Chinese riots in Lhasa. China puts down the uprising, many Tibetans are arrested and Tibet is declared off-limits to foreign journalists.
Tags: 13th dalai lama, bone of contention, china tibet, chinese civil war, chinese occupation, chinese troops, communist party, dalai lama, dalai lama visits, fall of the qing dynasty, fourteenth dalai lama, hu jintao, hu yaobang, india march, liberation army, mao zedong, mass tourism, settlement area, tibet autonomous region, tibetan history