Important dates in Tibet’s recent history

March 9th, 2009 - 11:32 am ICT by IANS  

Beijing, March 9 (DPA) The question of Tibet’s autonomy has been a bone of contention for decades. The following are important dates in modern Tibetan history:
1912 - Chinese troops expelled from Lhasa after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing. The 13th Dalai Lama declares independence from China. Tibet rules itself until 1950.

1935 - Fourteenth Dalai Lama born July 6.

1949 - The People’s Republic of China founded by Mao Zedong after the Chinese Civil War.

1950 - Chinese People’s Liberation Army invades Tibet in October.

- Fourteenth Dalai Lama enthroned in November.

1951 - Tibet’s representatives in May agree under pressure to a 17-point agreement, in which they give up independence but are promised autonomy from China.

- People’s Liberation Army enters Lhasa in September.

1954 - Dalai Lama visits Beijing.

1959 - Uprising against Chinese occupation begins in Lhasa March 10.

- Dalai Lama flees to India March 17. Large-scale destruction of monasteries and temples follows.

1965 - China creates the Tibet Autonomous Region, which includes about half of Tibet’s historical settlement area. The rest is incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces.

1966 - China’s Cultural Revolution - which includes further destruction of cultural heritage, temples and monasteries - begins. Farming organised into collectives.

1976 - Mao dies, and Cultural Revolution ends.

1979 - Slow liberalisation and opening of Tibet begins.

1980 - Communist Party leader Hu Yaobang visits Tibet.

1985 - Tibet opened to mass tourism.

1987 - Unrest breaks out in Lhasa and Shigatse.

1989 - Protests in Tibet violently crushed under current Chinese president and party leader, Hu Jintao.

2002 - Chinese government opens dialogue with the Dalai Lama. The talks have reached no agreement to date.

2008 - Protests spread to other Tibetan-settled regions March 14 after anti-Chinese riots in Lhasa. China puts down the uprising, many Tibetans are arrested and Tibet is declared off-limits to foreign journalists.

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