XMM-Newton uncovers well-tuned periodic signal from a super-massive black holeSeptember 19th, 2008 - 2:50 pm ICT by ANI
Paris, September 19 (ANI): XMM-Newton has uncovered a well-tuned periodic signal from a super-massive black hole lodged at the centre of a galaxy, ending a long quest for such an object.
These periodic signals originating from the black hole are emitted in X-rays, which are blocked out by the Earths atmosphere. So, the team used data from ESAs orbiting X-ray observatory, XMM-Newton, to make the discovery.
The super-massive black hole, whose signals XMM-Newton has overheard, is located at the centre of a galaxy that goes by the ungainly name RE J1034+396.
The black hole itself is estimated to be a million times as massive as our Sun.
In theory, as matter is sucked in to a black hole, it is heated up, and emits X-rays. The X-ray emission can then be modulated at a certain frequency, as infalling matter wobbles around the black hole, and this frequency is detected as a periodic signal.
From the frequency of the signal, it is possible to estimate the size of the black hole itself.
These periodic signals are widely observed in black holes of a lower mass, of the order of tens of solar masses, in our Galaxy.
Scientists have suspected that the underlying physical processes behind black hole accretion mechanisms are the same, regardless of the size of the black hole.
This means that such periodic signals should also be emitted by super-massive black holes lodged at the galactic centres, also called active galactic nuclei.
But until now, no super-massive black hole was known to display such a periodic signal.
XMM-Newtons sensitive instruments have now shown that the black hole at the centre of RE J1034+396 displays a periodic signal (called a quasi-periodic oscillation), once per hour.
The finding confirms that the fundamental physical processes behind black hole accretion mechanisms are the same, giving them a new, powerful tool to study AGN.
With the observation of these well-tuned signals, we know for sure that an increase of even a million times in the mass of the black hole doesnt seem to change the basic process by which gas is pulled into it, said Dr Marek Gierlinski of the University of Durham, lead author of the paper in which the findings are reported.
Now, the quest is on to find out why some black holes show this behaviour and others dont, and to learn more about how matter behaves just before it falls into a black hole. (ANI)
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Tags: active galactic nuclei, black holes, earths atmosphere, fundamental physical processes, galaxy, hole accretion, massive black hole, million times, periodic oscillation, periodic signal, periodic signals, ray emission, ray observatory, sensitive instruments, solar masses, ungainly name, wobbles, x ray, x rays, xmm newton