India seeks joint research initiative to tackle climate change goals

November 14th, 2007 - 2:17 am ICT by admin  
New Delhi’s suggestion came at the Second Ministerial Meeting of the Asia Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate, a voluntary grouping of the US, Australia, South Korea, China, Japan and India.

While creating collaborative research and development, a “fairer balance” between rewards for the innovators and the need to ensure the common good of humankind should also be kept in mind, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee said.

“We have observed that there is very little R and D effort on technologies that respond to the requirements and resource endowments of developing countries. This should be remedied,” he said inaugurating the ministerial meeting.

Noting that technology is recognised as a fundamental transformation agent for ensuring clean development and addressing climate change, Mukherjee said “our suggestion is for “collaborative R and D between developing and developed country R and D institutions.”

In this context, he said “we also need to be mindful of creating a fairer balance between rewards for the innovators and the need to ensure the common good of humankind as far as the IPA regime is concerned.”

“Standards and priorities should reflect the developmental context to which they apply,” he added.

On efforts to tackle climate change, he said while there are many initiatives to address the challenge “there is near unanimity that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the only framework for negotiations,” he said.

Noting that India would have to increase its energy consumption to sustain a high economic growth rate, Mukherjee said government plans to ensure that the means are sustainable and it promotes energy conservation.

“As we endeavour to increase our energy consumption to empower our people, we ensure, through our national policies that the means are sustainable and include use of market mechanisms and relevant technology along with promotion of energy efficiency and conservation,” he said.

Mukherjee, said India’s per capita consumption of energy currently was only 530 kgoe of primary energy as compared to world average of 1770 kgoe.

“Nearly, half of our citizens do not have access to electricity,” he said.

Underlining the steps taken to conserve energy, he said in 2001, the Energy Conservation Act was followed by Electricity Act of 2003.

“This Act mandates the procurement of electricity from renewables by all distribution companies. This has provided a major fillip to the wind-energy sector in India. We now have about 7,000 MW of installed wind-power, the fourth largest wind generation electricity capacity in the world,” he said.

Listing the steps taken by the government for clean energy, he said CNG or green fuel was introduced for public and private transport in metropolitan areas, metro rail and a major bio-diesel program and blending of ethanol in petrol.

“We propose to make available Compact Fluorescent Lamps at the price of normal incandescent bulbs,” he said, adding the “ultimate aim is to ensure sustainable and clean development while ensuring energy security and economic growth.”

He said that the world is seized today with the issue of climate change. There are many initiatives being taken to look at different and probably innovative ways to address this challenge. While all these efforts are laudable, there is near unanimity that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the only framework for negotiations.

“We, the six countries, now seven, in the Asia-Pacific Partnership have achieved a lot in a very short time and can be proud of our achievement. This has been the result of strong bilateral and partnership co-operation between member countries. Our ultimate aim is to ensure sustainable and clean development while ensuring energy security and economic growth. I am sure that the APP will contribute to these goals which we all share,” Mukherjee said in conclusion. (ANI)

Related Stories

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Posted in National |

Subscribe