India goes two positions down in Human Development Index, ranks 128thNovember 27th, 2007 - 8:33 pm ICT by admin
By Ruchi Gupta
New Delhi, Nov 27 (ANI): India’s position among the 177 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI) stumbled down by two points to end at 128 as per the latest Human Development Report (HDR) released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) here today.
In 2006, India ranked 126 out of 177 countries in the HDI that provides a composite measure of the three dimensions- life expectancy, adult literacy and standard of living — of human development.
Iceland has left Norway behind to take the top post this year. Norway had held the number one rank for the past six years.
The HDI rankings this year do not include 17 UN member nations, including Afghanistan and Iraq, due to insufficient reliable data.
Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia released the report in the national capital today.
According to “the Human Development Report 2007-08 - Fighting Climate Change: Human solidarity in a divided world,” the global climate change threatens to undermine India’s efforts to improve the well-being of its poorest people.
The report, which focuses on the impact of climate change on the world’s poor and vulnerable, highlights that the role of energy in human development is reflected in the record of CO2.
According to the report, China and India are the largest emitters of CO2 among the developing nations.
The report says, in India changing rainfall patterns could result in drops in agricultural productivity, directly affecting 60 per cent of the population, who rely on this sector.
The continued retreat of the Himalayan Glaciers could increase water scarcity, affecting 500 million people in South Asia, it adds.
The report calls for greater efforts in developing countries to ‘climate proof’ infrastructure, deepen social protection for those most vulnerable, build community resilience and strengthen disaster response. To fund these critical adaptation measures, the report recommends that 86 billion dollars be transferred from developed countries, who bear the historical responsibility for climate change, to developing countries between now and 2016.
The latest HDR has put a threshold limit of two degrees Celsius as the increase in the global temperature since breaching this benchmark would lead to irreversible and unavoidable dangers of the Climate Change.
The report further argues for a global carbon budget of the 21st century- the amount of carbon that can be absorbed creating an even probability that temperatures will not rise above two degrees — that would see emissions drop to sustainable levels.
It recommends that developed countries make deep and early cuts to their emissions so that by 2050 they are emitting 80 percent less carbon than in 1990.
Kevin Watkins is the lead author of this year’s report, which is an independent report commissioned by the UNDP. (ANI)
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