World’s tiniest premature babies doing wellDecember 12th, 2011 - 4:49 pm ICT by IANS
Washington, Dec 12 (IANS) In 1989, Madeline Mann became the world’s tiniest surviving baby after birth at the Loyola University Medical Centre (LUMC). She weighed 280 grams, just about the size of an iPhone.
In 2004, Rumaisa Rahmam set a Guinness World Record after birth at Loyola, weighing just 260 grams. Both Madeline and Rumaisa now have normal cognitive development.
Rumaisa remains the world’s smallest surviving baby, and Madeline now is the world’s fourth smallest surviving baby, according to a registry kept by the University of Iowa Children’s Hospital, the journal Paediatrics reports.
Rumaisa, 7, is now a first grader and Madeline, 22, is an honours student at Augustana College in Rock Island, II. But they both remain small for their ages.
Rumaisa and Madeline are the smallest and second smallest surviving babies born in the US. And Rumaisa and her twin sister, Hiba, are the world’s smallest surviving twins, according to a Loyola statement.
Of the 85 smallest surviving babies in the US, three were born at Loyola and five others were cared for by physicians trained at Loyola.
Jonathan Muraskas, professor in paediatrics and obstetrics & gynaecology at the Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, and colleagues caution that successful outcomes such as Madeline and Rumaisa are not necessarily typical.
Many extremely low-birth-weight preemies either do not survive or grow up with severe, lifelong disabilities such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and blindness.
Comparing other micro-premature babies with Madeline and Rumaisa could “propagate false expectations for families, caregivers and the medico-legal community alike”, Muraskas and colleagues wrote.
Madeline and Rumaisa had several advantages. Female preemies tend to do better than males. They had relatively long gestational ages for their birthweights. And their mothers were given steroids before birth, which helped their lungs and brains mature more quickly.
During their pregnancies, Madeline’s and Rumaisa’s mothers experienced preeclampsia - pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. There was decreased blood flow through the placenta which restricted the babies’ growth.
Madeline was born at 26 weeks, six days, and Rumaisa was born at 25 weeks, six days. Under normal conditions, it would take a foetus just 18 weeks to reach their birthweights.
They both have met developmental milestones at appropriate ages.
- Born weighing 450 grams, baby girl survives - Jul 26, 2012
- Best time for birth of twins is 37 weeks - Jun 15, 2012
- Jaipur doctors save world's lightest baby - Oct 24, 2009
- 'Smallest ever' baby born in Germany, survives - Mar 04, 2010
- Mexican woman pregnant with nine babies - Apr 27, 2012
- A 7 kg baby is born in China! - Feb 19, 2012
- IVF babies from frozen embryos healthier - Jan 09, 2012
- Complex heart surgery on 26-week premature baby - Oct 18, 2011
- World's smallest ever baby boy weighs only 9oz - Mar 06, 2010
- UK's heaviest baby girl weighs 12 pounds - Feb 17, 2012
- 'Women who smoke give birth to lighter babies' - Jun 03, 2012
- Woman gives birth after lying upside down for 75 days - Mar 09, 2012
- World's smallest woman delighted with title - Nov 17, 2010
- Premature infants more likely to suffer from autism - Oct 17, 2011
- US woman gives birth to twin sons weighing 10 pounds each - Jul 10, 2010
Tags: chicago stritch school, cognitive development, false expectations, guinness world record, gynaecology, honours student, iowa children, iphone, low birth weight, loyola university chicago, loyola university chicago stritch school of medicine, madeline mann, paediatrics, premature babies, rumaisa, s hospital, smallest surviving baby, stritch school of medicine, university chicago stritch school, university medical centre