Improved car design reduces risk of facial fracturesMay 22nd, 2009 - 3:56 pm ICT by IANS
Washington, May 22 (IANS) Improved design is cutting down the risk of facial fractures in car crashes, according to a new study.
Facial trauma is the most common injury among individuals involved in vehicular collisions, the study said. Fractures to the face often occur simultaneously with other injuries, including damage to the eyes and brain.
In 2000, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the US estimated that facial injuries cost between $9,000 and $725,000 per injury in lost productivity, medical costs, emergency services and other expenses.
Brian T. McMullin of Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee and colleagues analysed records from a national database of individuals (drivers and front seat occupants) with facial fractures following such crashes.
Between 1993 and 2005, 167,391 individuals involved in collisions had one or more facial fractures, 55,150 had skull base fractures (breaks in the bones of the skull) and 196,855 had nasal fractures.
However, each year during that period, the incidence of facial fractures decreased. Besides, a decline in the probability of injury was associated with newer car models.
“As older cars are scrapped and more vehicles with next-generation safety features enter the vehicle fleet, we would expect decreasing injury probabilities and ultimately overall decreased injury incidence for year-to-year trends,” the authors said.
“Occupants who were restrained with seat belts only, as well as those restrained with seat belts and air bags, were significantly less likely to have facial fractures,” they said, according to a Wisconsin release.
“Air bags alone were not associated with a reduced probability of facial fractures, and there was no difference in injury probability between sexes or based on occupant’s weight.”
This study was published in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.
- Obesity increases death risk in vehicle crashes - Dec 22, 2010
- Air bags and seat belts in vehicles do afford best protection against spinal fractures - Jan 25, 2009
- Air bags, seats belts best protection against spine fractures - Jan 25, 2009
- Obesity 'ups death risk in severe vehicle crashes' - Dec 22, 2010
- CDC Study Finds Seat Belt Usage At 85 Percent - Jan 07, 2011
- Car's front seats safer than back seats - Sep 01, 2010
- More than 10pc of drivers sit in the wrong position: UK study - Oct 11, 2010
- Tilting cars on assembly line to protect autoworkers - May 15, 2012
- Schoolboy runs over four students - Sep 05, 2011
- Mimicking the woodpecker to inspire new-age shock absorbers - Feb 05, 2011
- Soon, smart cars to intimate emergency services in case of crash - Sep 18, 2010
- Honda, Suzuki score in latest European crash test - Sep 01, 2010
- Dwayne Bravo injured in car accident - Jul 27, 2012
- Car crash lawsuit against Hulk Hogan's son settled - Feb 20, 2010
- Fracture prone? Blame your genes - Apr 22, 2012
Tags: bones of the skull, car crashes, facial fractures, facial injuries, facial trauma, highway traffic safety, injury incidence, injury probabilities, medical college of wisconsin, medical college of wisconsin milwaukee, nasal fractures, national highway traffic, national highway traffic safety, national highway traffic safety administration, older cars, seat belts, seat occupants, skull base, traffic safety administration, vehicle fleet