Hyderabad hospital performs rare kidney transplant

August 19th, 2011 - 8:31 pm ICT by IANS  

Hyderabad, Aug 19 (IANS) For the first time in the country, a hospital in Hyderabad has successfully performed kidney transplant between non-matching blood groups.

Kamineni Hospitals doctors transplanted the kidney of an A+ donor (father) to an O+ patient (son) which was earlier believed to be impossible.

Kamineni Hospitals CEO B. Shashidhar Reddy told reporters Friday that a team of doctors comprising nephrologist Kamal Kiran and transplant surgeon Srinivas Guttha performed the operation on July 19.

Kamal Kiran said this would bring hope to patients suffering from renal failure who have no compatible donors in the family. He pointed out that cadaver (deceased donor) waiting list is long. Though an ABO incompatible transplant costs around Rs.8 lakh, compared to Rs.3 lakh for an ABO-matched transplant, waiting on the cadaver list costs Rs.4 lakh every year.

He said the ABO kidney transplant is a rare procedure, but if protocols were implemented to transplant across blood-group barriers, it is estimated that an additional 1,500 live donor kidney transplants could be performed each year in India.

According to Srinivas Guttha, kidney disease affects one out of 10 people. Kidney failure requiring dialysis affects 2-3 lakh people in the country every year. About 17,000 patients receive some form of dialysis. Only 3,000 go through transplantation. Fifty percent patients on dialysis die in three years and 90 percent in five years.

If 100 patients undergo transplant, 85 of them live for 10 years and beyond.

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