What is Intermittent explosive disorder?

January 27th, 2009 - 12:24 pm ICT by Amrit Rashmisrisethi  

Intermittent explosive disorder/I.E.D./ IED is a disorder when it involves in anger outburts or even temper tantrums which include is throwing or breaking objects. This disorder is an impulsive acts of aggression. The aggressive episodes may take the form of “spells” or “attacks,” with symptoms beginning minutes to hours before the actual acting-out.

This disorder is characterized to be violent behavior in which you react grossly out of proportion to the situation. People with intermittent explosive disorder may attack others and their possessions, causing bodily injury and property damage. Later, people with intermittent explosive disorder may feel remorse, regret or embarrassment. Most often occurs in young men .

IED Causes

IED abnormalities in the areas of the brain that regulate behavioral arousal and inhibition. The research states that an impulsive aggression is related to abnormal brain mechanisms in a system that inhibits the muscular movement activity, called the serotoninergic system. Studies using positron emission tomography (PET) scanning have found lower levels of brain glucose (sugar) metabolism in patients who act in impulsively aggressive ways.

According tot he therapist, people with IED have a set of strongly negative beliefs about other people, often resulting from harsh punishments inflicted by the parents. The child grows up believing that others “have it in for him” and that violence is the best way to restore damaged self-esteem. He or she may also have observed one or both parents, older siblings, or other relatives acting out in explosively violent ways. In short, people who develop IED have learned, usually in their family of origin, to believe that certain acts or attitudes on the part of other people “justify” aggressive attacks on them.

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