Two of Egypts pyramids were conceived as a single projectFebruary 26th, 2008 - 2:15 pm ICT by admin
Washington, Feb 26 (ANI): A new study by Italian researchers has determined that two of the pyramids of Giza in Egypt, were conceived as a single project.
According to a report in Discovery News, it is widely believed that the pharaohs Khufu, his son Khafre and grandson Menkaure built their pyramids on the edge of a desert plateau at Giza between 2600 and 2450 BC.
But, according to Giulio Magli of the mathematics department at Milan’s Polytechnic University, astronomical alignments and the landscape indicate that the two main pyramids, those identified with the tombs of Khufu and Khafre, were not built in different stages.
On the contrary, they were planned as a single, grand project.
“Khufu was the mind behind the project. He conceived both pyramids to have strong symbolic meaning. He wanted to state forever that his soul had joined the sun god,” Magli told Discovery News.
The study suggested that Khufu planned the construction of two pyramids, exactly as his father, Snefru, did in Dahshur. Only later did Khafre claim for himself the slightly smaller pyramid.
Little is known about the 4th dynasty pharaoh Khufu (2589-2566 BC), whose only portrait is a tiny three-inch high statue.
According to Magli, Khufu imagined himself as the “son of the sun god,” who was thus destined for eternal life.
“What better way to prove this relationship than making the sun, himself, talk about it” said Magli.
This particular fact is seen during the summer, when observers standing by the Sphinx can see a spectacular sunset between the two pyramids.
“The sun setting between the two pyramids forms an ideal, giant replica of the hieroglyph Akhet,” Magli said.
Meaning “horizon,” the hieroglyph Akhet held deep symbolic meaning for the ancient Egyptians. It was composed by the hieroglyph djew, meaning “primeval mountain,” and the sun setting or rising in between.
The symbol was linked to the afterlife, since the solar cycle was associated with life and rebirth.
“The name of the great pyramid is Akhet Khufu, meaning ‘the horizon of Khufu,’” Magli said.
According to inscriptions found in tombs dated some two hundreds years later, the name of the great pyramid was a precise description of the hieroglyph at the site. And, according to Magli, that hieroglyph “could occur only if the second pyramid existed as well.”
Juan Antonio Belmonte, a scientist at the Astrophysics Institute of the Canary Islands and the author of a study on the orientation of ancient Egyptian temples, agrees with Magli.
“I agree with 80 per cent of the study. Some points are weak, but most of the reasoning is fine. It is indeed my idea that both pyramids were imagined as a single common gigantic project,” Belmonte told Discovery News. (ANI)
- Ancient Egyptian priest's tomb discovered in Giza - Oct 19, 2010
- Egypt's pyramids point towards city of Sun God - Apr 01, 2009
- Mystery of million mummies buried near Snefu's Seila pyramid - Jun 14, 2010
- Ancient walls that protected Sphinx from desert winds uncovered - Nov 03, 2010
- Egypt unearths 4,500-year-old tomb - Oct 19, 2010
- Construction of Great Pyramid of Giza may have started on August 23, 2470 B.C. - Sep 22, 2009
- How Egyptians erected their giant pyramids - Sep 26, 2010
- Statue of King Tut's grandfather unearthed - Nov 07, 2010
- Discovery in Saudi Arabia suggests Egyptian empire extended further than thought - Nov 12, 2010
- Ancient Egyptian temples followed astronomy to set their calendars - Sep 09, 2009
- First pharaoh-era relic found in Saudi Arabia - Nov 08, 2010
- 'Underworld of the pharaohs' allegedly found under Giza Pyramids - Aug 14, 2009
- Sixth Dynasty Egyptian Queen's Burial Chamber Unearthed Near Cairo - Mar 04, 2010
- Colourful ancient tombs unearthed in Egypt - Jul 08, 2010
- Tomb of King Tut's wife may emerge in 2011 - Jan 04, 2011
Tags: ancient egyptians, astronomical alignments, desert plateau, discovery news, dynasty pharaoh, egypts pyramids, giant replica, hieroglyph, italian researchers, khafre, magli, mathematics department, pharaoh khufu, pharaohs, polytechnic university, pyramids of giza, solar cycle, son of the sun, spectacular sunset, sun god