Twins help Oz researchers find genes for blindnessSeptember 13th, 2010 - 6:16 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, Sep 13 (ANI): Several studies in Australia have found new genes that affect eyesight, all thanks to twins.
Stuart MacGregor from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research (QIMR) said, “Using data collected from over 1,000 sets of twins, our research has uncovered genes that affect eyesight as part of several conditions.”
“We discovered a new gene for myopia (long or short sightedness), new genes affecting glaucoma risk, and a gene that causes optic nerve hypoplasia - one of the leading causes of blindness in children,” he said.
The findings were part of an international study in collaboration with Professor David Mackey’s research team from the Centre for Eye Research Australia.
“Identical twins are nature’s clones. Despite having the same genes, the environment can make them very different. Comparing identical and non-identical twins, we can determine how much of who we are is determined by our genes and how much is influenced by environment,” said MacGregor.
“Our work addresses the question of nature versus nurture. We are helping to understand how small changes in genes can have large impacts on our health.
“Large-scale genetic tests like these can increase our understanding of a range of diseases, and we need lots of twins to participate in these studies.
“The Queensland Twin Registry, QTwin recruits twins, identical and non-identical for studies like this to determine disease risk and many other factors,” he said. (ANI)
- Cancer research finds two genetic variants - Oct 10, 2011
- Being nice or being nasty is in a woman's genes - Feb 09, 2011
- Lookout for your coffee gene! - Sep 18, 2011
- 'Genes key to self-control, sociability' - May 17, 2012
- How well our brain functions is based on our family's genes - Mar 04, 2011
- Environment not genes govern testosterone levels - May 10, 2012
- Genes a crucial factor in urinary incontinence - Apr 05, 2011
- Genes determine our face recognition ability - Feb 23, 2010
- Gene discovery could pave way for nearsightedness treatments - Sep 13, 2010
- How complex genetic variations determine our height - Jun 21, 2010
- Endometrial cancer gene identified - Apr 18, 2011
- Breakthrough may pave way for new malaria drugs - Nov 27, 2011
- Dull brain? Blame it on family genes! - Mar 04, 2011
- Siblings of autistic children 'have more frequent language delays' - Oct 02, 2010
- Scientists unravel how alcohol harms developing foetus - Jan 20, 2010
Tags: blindness in children, causes of blindness, clones, david mackey, disease risk, eye research australia, eyesight, genes, genetic tests, glaucoma, glaucoma risk, identical twins, leading causes of blindness, myopia, optic nerve, professor david, qimr, queensland institute of medical research, small changes, stuart macgregor