Top 10 advances in materials science revealed

December 19th, 2007 - 5:30 pm ICT by admin  

Washington, December 19 (ANI): A list of the top ten most significant advances in materials science over the last 50 years has been compiled by Materials Today magazine.

Jonathan Wood, the editor of the magazine, has revealed that the top ten items on the list include advances that have altered peoples daily lives.

He says while some of the items have completely changed the research arena, others have opened up new possibilities and capabilities.

Number one on the list is the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors that drives the incredible progress of the microelectronics industry by setting out goals for innovation and technology needs.

A mixture of science, technology, and economics, it is hard to see how the ITRS could do better in driving forward advances in this area.

I believe it is an appropriate first choice in our list. Not only is electronics critical to our modern world, progress in semiconductor processing and advances in materials science have gone hand-in-hand for the last 50 years, says Jonathan Wood.

Materials science studies what makes up the worldthe metals, semiconductors, plastics used to make all devices, products, and technologies.

It can be how to make smaller and faster transistors to give more powerful computers, understanding the electrical properties of polymers to produce cheap displays for cell phones, or analysing how tissues in the body bond to medical implants.

I want this list to be a celebration of the achievements of materials science. Too often, this diverse, dynamic field gets squeezed out by the big boys of chemistry and physics. Yet it is crucial to so much of todays world, says Wood.

Top 10 advances in materials science selected by Materials Today:

1. The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors
2. Scanning probe microscopes
3. Giant magnetoresistive effect
4. Semiconductor lasers and light-emitting diodes
5. National Nanotechnology Initiative
6. Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
7. Materials for Li ion batteries
8. Carbon nanotubes
9. Soft lithography
10. Metamaterials (ANI)

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