Strict blood sugar control cuts diabetics’ heart risksMay 22nd, 2009 - 12:04 pm ICT by ANI
London, May 22 (ANI): Diabetics can cut their heart attack risk by tightly controlling blood sugar levels, says a study published in the Lancet.
By undertaking a meta-analysis which pooled information from five large trials, Cambridge University researchers came to the conclusion that people with diabetes who maintain intensive, low blood sugar levels are significantly less likely to suffer heart attacks and coronary heart disease.
The research was funded by the British Heart Foundation. It pointed to a 17 reduction in heart attacks and a 15 percent reduction in coronary heart disease. However, the study found a more modest trend towards reduction in strokes with intensive control of glucose levels compared to standard care.
It has been proved many times that diabetics are at increased risk of heart disease. Even though patients can reduce their risk by maintaining healthy blood pressure levels and cholesterol reduction, the risk remains high.
Dr Kausik Ray of the University of Cambridge, lead author of the study, said: “Previous studies have been inconclusive, leaving diabetics and their doctors unsure as to whether maintaining lower blood sugar levels actually benefitted the patients.
“Although additional research needs to be conducted, our findings provide insight into the importance of improving glucose levels which should include lifestyle changes as well as medication.”
The five trials involved more than 33,000 individuals, including 1497 heart attack cases, 2,318 cases of coronary heart disease, and 1227 strokes. In order to assess the possible risk of various heart conditions, Ray and team analyzed the data collected on the glucose levels in blood, specifically a long-term marker of glucose control called HbA1c.
In healthy individuals, HbA1c levels average between 4-5 percent. However, diabetics often have levels above 6.5 percent.
In the present study, those taking a standard treatment maintained a HbA1c level of 7.5 percent. Individuals who underwent intensive treatment to lower their blood sugar level were 0.9 percent lower than those who underwent standard treatment, thereby dramatically reducing their risk of disease in large blood vessels. (ANI)
- Scientists uncover gut bug link to type 2 diabetes - Mar 14, 2012
- Blood glucose levels indicator of retinopathy risk - Feb 15, 2011
- Structured exercise training helps lower diabetics' blood sugar - May 04, 2011
- Nicotine raises blood sugar among diabetic smokers: Study - Mar 28, 2011
- Intense diabetes treatment could make sugar levels go 'too low' - Jan 27, 2010
- Diabetics can reduce risk of heart attacks - May 23, 2009
- Be nutty for good health - Apr 13, 2012
- Routine periodic fasting good for health, heart - Apr 04, 2011
- Insulin pumps may benefit diabetics - Jan 16, 2010
- Diabetic women likely to deliver babies with defects - Feb 06, 2012
- Benefits of intensive glucose treatment must be weighed against risks - Jun 30, 2010
- Diabetics' conditions improved after phone calls with fellow patients - Oct 19, 2010
- Lifestyle intervention 'offers long-term benefits to obese patients with diabetes' - Sep 28, 2010
- Regular soda intake spikes stroke risk - Apr 22, 2012
- Two therapies that may slow diabetic eye disease progression found - Jul 24, 2010
Tags: blood pressure levels, blood sugar control, blood sugar levels, british heart foundation, cambridge university, cholesterol reduction, coronary heart disease, glucose control, glucose levels, heart attack risk, heart attacks, heart conditions, heart risks, intensive control, lifestyle changes, low blood sugar, low blood sugar levels, meta analysis, risk of heart disease, university of cambridge