Smallest orchid in the world discovered in Ecuador

November 30th, 2009 - 3:19 pm ICT by ANI  

London, November 30 (ANI): The smallest species of orchid in the world has been discovered hidden among the roots of a larger plant in a nature reserve in Ecuador.

According to a report in The Independent, Lou Jost, an American botanist, discovered the orchid.

He found the tiny orchid by accident when he was inspecting a plant collected from the Cerro Candelaria reserve in the eastern Andes, which was created by Ecuador’s EcoMinga Foundation in partnership with the World Land Trust in Britain.

The plant is just 2.1mm wide, and instantly supercedes the species Platystele jungermannioides as the world’s smallest orchid.

The petals are so thin that they are just one cell thick and transparent.

The flower is just one of 60 new orchids and 10 other plant species that Dr Jost has discovered in the past decade.

“I found it among the roots of another plant that I had collected, another small orchid which I took back to grow in my greenhouse to get it to flower,” Dr Jost said of his latest discovery.

“A few months later, I saw that down among the roots was a tiny little plant that I realised was more interesting than the bigger orchid,” he said.

“It was so small, it looked like a piece of dirt at first. I was going through the moss on a fallen tree branch - they’re good places for orchids to grow - when I spotted it. The flower was 3mm across,” he added.

“Looking at the flower is often the best way to be able to identify which species of orchid you’ve got hold of - and can tell you whether you’re looking at an unknown species or not,” he said.

“It’s an exciting feeling to find a new species. People think everything has been discovered but there’s much more,” he said.

More than 1,000 orchid species have been discovered in Ecuador in the past century, as plant collectors enjoy a bonanza made possible by the construction of roads which have allowed access to some of the most remote and unspoilt forest habitats in the world. (ANI)

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