New model to measure organic carbon in surface waters

March 5th, 2011 - 5:31 pm ICT by ANI  

Washington, Mar 5 (ANI): Scientists have developed a new carbon model to estimate sources and losses of organic carbon in surface waters in the United States.

The result has indicated that streams act as both sources and sinks for organic carbon.

“Model estimates help managers and researchers track carbon transport in streams, which is information that is ultimately needed to improve our understanding of the fate of rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere,” said Richard Smith, a USGS hydrologist and coauthor of the study.

“The study contributes new information on the role of rivers as sources and sinks for organic carbon at regional and continental scales, for which scientific knowledge is rather limited,” said Smith.

Findings have shown that in-stream photosynthesis by algae is a major contributor of organic carbon in large rivers of the United States. It is the largest source of organic carbon delivered to coastal waters from the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River Basin and the Pacific Northwest.

Terrestrial sources of carbon, such as from forests and wetlands, are dominant in all other coastal waters, including waters of the North Atlantic, the South Atlantic Gulf, California, the Texas Gulf, and the Great Lakes.

The results have also provided estimates of how much of the organic carbon transported in streams is then permanently removed from the water column. The removed carbon is either sequestered in sediments over long time periods or oxidized and returned to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. (ANI)

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