NASAs Fermi Telescope obtains best ever view of gamma rays in space

March 12th, 2009 - 5:32 pm ICT by ANI  

Washington, March 12 (ANI): Astronomers have developed a new map combining nearly three months of data from NASAs Fermi Telescope to obtain the best-ever view of gamma rays in space.

To Fermis eyes, the universe is ablaze with gamma rays from sources ranging from within the solar system to galaxies billions of light-years away.

Fermi has given us a deeper and better-resolved view of the gamma-ray sky than any previous space mission, said Peter Michelson, the lead scientist for the spacecrafts Large Area Telescope (LAT) at Stanford University, California.

Were watching flares from supermassive black holes in distant galaxies and seeing pulsars, high-mass binary systems, and even a globular cluster in our own, he added.

This is the missions first major science product, and its a big step toward producing our first source catalog later this year, said David Thompson, a Fermi deputy project scientist at NASAs Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.

The LAT scans the entire sky every three hours when operating in survey mode, which is occupying most of the telescopes observing time during Fermis first year of operations.

These snapshots let scientists monitor rapidly changing sources.

The all-sky image shows how the cosmos would look if our eyes could detect radiation 150 million times more energetic than visible light.

The view merges LAT observations spanning 87 days, from August 4 to October 30, 2008.

The map includes one object familiar to everyone: the sun.

Because the sun appears to move against the background sky, it produces a faint arc across the upper right of the map, Michelson explained.

During the next few years, as solar activity increases, scientists expect the sun to produce growing numbers of high-energy flares.

No other instrument will be able to observe solar flares in the LATs energy range, said Michelson.

To better show individual sources, the new map was processed to suppress emissions from gas in the plane of our galaxy, the Milky Way.

As a way of underscoring the variety of the objects the LAT is seeing, the Fermi team created a top ten list comprising five sources within the Milky Way and five beyond our galaxy.

The top sources within our galaxy include the sun; a star system known as LSI +61 303, which pairs a massive normal star with a superdense neutron star; PSR J1836+5925, which is one of many new pulsars, a type of spinning neutron star that emits gamma-ray beams; and the globular cluster 47 Tucanae, a sphere of ancient stars 15,000 light-years away. (ANI)

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