Monsters might be the reason behind extreme chaos in black holesJanuary 19th, 2008 - 2:10 pm ICT by admin
London, Jan 19 (ANI): Scientists have blamed distortions in the fabric of space- time known as monsters for the extreme chaos present in black holes, which have more disorder than all the stars in the universe put together.
According to a report in New Scientist, the disorder present in the universe is measured with a number called entropy the higher the entropy, the greater the disorder.
Though all the stars in the universe together contribute about 1079 units of entropy, it is nothing compared with black holes.
Calculations by scientist Stephen Hawking in the 1970s proved that a black holes entropy increases with its surface area.
This means that a single supermassive black hole of the kind found at the centres of galaxies could have more than 1091 units of entropy, which is a trillion times that of all the universe’s stars.
“The entropy of a black hole is astonishingly large by any measure,” said Paul Frampton of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, US.
According to a research team from the University of North Carolina, this extra entropy is generated by the random nature of quantum physics, which sometimes allow a collapsing ball of matter to spontaneously transform into something called a monster an arrangement of matter that has maximum disorder.
These monsters have particles traveling at high speed in random directions.
This would only happen very rarely, and once a black hole has formed, it is impossible to know whether it went through a monster stage or not.
But, according to researchers, because quantum mechanics takes into account all possible outcomes, the monster’s entropy has to be taken into account when calculating black hole entropy.
Understanding the entropy of black holes could also help scientists understand gravity at a much more fundamental level, so that it can be united with quantum mechanics to produce a quantum gravity theory. (ANI)
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