Biologists assemble most extensive genetic resource for reef-building coralMay 12th, 2009 - 12:15 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, May 12 (ANI): A team led by biologists from The University of Texas at Austin, US, has assembled a nearly complete collection of genes for a species of reef-building coral.
The scientists will use the genetic data to understand natural variations in corals from around the world and how they respond, at the genetic level, to rising water temperatures.
“One of the most important questions for coral biologists is whether it will be possible for corals to adapt to the warming oceans,” said Eli Meyer, postdoctoral researcher in the Section of Integrative Biology.
“Answering that question requires a detailed knowledge of the genes that corals use to respond to stress,” Meyer added.
Meyer and Mikhail Matz, assistant professor of integrative biology, developed an improved method for sequencing all of the genes being used by an organism, known as the “transcriptome.”
Those genes, plus other non-expressed genes and DNA, together equal the organism’s entire genome.
Their analysis revealed about 11,000 different genes in the widely studied Pacific coral, Acropora millepora.
Researchers from around the world have already begun to use the data.
They are studying diverse aspects of coral biology such as response to stress, synchronization of mass spawning and relatedness of coral populations across the Pacific.
“I think this will facilitate an explosion in the science of coral adaptation and evolution,” said Matz. “We developed a big boot to kick down a door leading to coral genomics,” he added.
Matz and Meyer say their method can be used to study the genes of any other organism that isn’t yet common to genomic research.
“In about one month’s time, you can now have almost a complete catalog of any organism’s genes,” said Matz. (ANI)
- Why humans actively help each other - May 04, 2011
- Entire genome of extinct human decoded from finger bone - Feb 08, 2012
- Hidden DNA code more influential than our genes - Sep 19, 2011
- New molecular mechanisms involved in Alzheimer's development identified - Dec 17, 2010
- Breastfeeding key to keeping infant gut healthy - Apr 30, 2012
- Some corals unfazed by global warming - Mar 13, 2012
- Gene in fish that don't sleep could shed light on sleep disorders in humans - Apr 08, 2011
- Scientists assemble genome from DNA of single bug - Sep 19, 2011
- Genes interact much like making friends on Facebook - Mar 08, 2011
- Global warming threatens coral growth in Red Sea - Jul 16, 2010
- Scientists discover new genes for cancer, other diseases in plants, yeast and worms - Apr 14, 2010
- Procedure to knock out genes in nematode discovered - Apr 26, 2010
- Eve - the mother of all humans, lived 200,000 years ago - Aug 18, 2010
- Forest trees retain memories of their origin - Jul 12, 2011
- 'Water flea' important indicator of environmental contamination - Feb 04, 2011
Tags: acropora, biologists, coral populations, corals, genes and dna, genetic data, genetic level, genetic resource, genomics, integrative biology, matz, millepora, natural variations, organism, postdoctoral researcher, relatedness, rising water, transcriptome, university of texas at austin, water temperatures