Biased policies put lesbians, gays, bisexuals at risk of psychiatric disordersMarch 3rd, 2010 - 5:10 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, Mar 3 (ANI): Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals, who live in states that instituted bans on same-sex marriage are more at risk of developing psychiatric disorders, according to a new study.
The Mailman School of Public Health examined the effects of institutional discrimination on the psychiatric health of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals.
It found an increase in psychiatric disorders among the LGB population living in states that instituted bans on same-sex marriage.
Dr. Deborah Hasin, professor of clinical Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health and senior author, and colleagues at the NYS Psychiatric Institute and Harvard University analysed data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).
Participants were initially interviewed during 2001 - 2002 (Wave 1) and again during the period 2004-2005 (Wave 2), at which time participants’ sexual orientation was assessed.
“To address the impact of institutional discrimination on mental health, we examined whether LGB individuals living in states that instituted constitutional amendments banning gay marriage via the 2004-2005 elections evidenced increased rates of psychiatric disorders between Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the survey,” according to the authors.
Among LGB study participants living in these states, the prevalence of mood disorders, generalized anxiety disorder and alcohol use disorders increased significantly between Wave 1 to Wave 2, with the greatest increase, more than 200 percent, in generalized anxiety disorder.
The prevalence of any psychiatric disorder also increased slightly among heterosexual respondents, but to a much lesser extent than their LGB counterparts.
“Before this study, little was known about the impact of institutional discrimination toward lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals in our society. The study highlights the importance of abolishing institutional forms of discrimination, including those leading to disparities in the mental health and well-being of LGB individuals,” said Hasin.
Institutional discrimination is characterized by societal-level conditions that limit the opportunities and access to resources by socially disadvantaged groups.
During the 2004 election and soon after, the authors note, 14 states approved constitutional amendments restricting marriage to unions between heterosexual couples.
The study was published in the March issue of the American Journal of Public Health. (ANI)
- Lesbians, gays, bisexuals at higher risk for severe mental health problems - Feb 03, 2011
- Aging LGB adults more likely to suffer chronic disease, mental distress - Mar 30, 2011
- Strong link found between victimization experiences, substance abuse - Feb 25, 2011
- UK royals urged to back gay marriages - Apr 25, 2011
- Nearly 4 percent of America's population is made up of gays - Apr 09, 2011
- Homosexuals more likely to be punished - Dec 06, 2010
- Are you gay, 11-year-old Britons to be asked - Mar 28, 2011
- Lesbians, gays, bisexuals more susceptible to mental health issues, substance abuse - Aug 14, 2009
- US shifts legal stance on gay marriage - Feb 24, 2011
- Federal judge overturns California gay marriage ban (Lead, changing dateline) - Aug 05, 2010
- Gays more likely to experience violent events, mental illness - Apr 16, 2010
- Plan to question Brit kids about their sexuality slammed - Mar 28, 2011
- Lesbian, gay, bisexual teens '40pc more likely to be punished' - Dec 06, 2010
- LGBT teens 40 pc likelier to be punished than normal teens: Study - Dec 07, 2010
- A third of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender youth suffer mental disorders - Dec 02, 2010
Tags: banning gay marriage, bisexual individuals, clinical epidemiology, constitutional amendments, generalized anxiety disorder, harvard university, hasin, institutional discrimination, mailman school of public health, mood disorders, national epidemiologic survey, nys psychiatric institute, psychiatric disorder, psychiatric disorders, psychiatric health, same sex marriage, school of public health, sexual orientation, study participants, time participants