Back Pain

July 21st, 2008 - 4:45 pm ICT by Amrit Rashmisrisethi  

back pain

Back injuries is one of the most common cause for back pain. Injuries occur when the back muscles is in activity ,such as lifting a heavy object or doing yard work. Minor injuries may also occur from tripping, falling a short distance, or excessive twisting of the spine. Severe back injuries may result from car crashes, falling from significant heights, direct blows to the back or the top of the head. Having a family history of back pain, sitting for long periods, lifting or pulling heavy objects, or having a degenerative disease such as osteoporosis.

Most back problems occur in adults , age bewteen 20 and 50.

Other treatments for a back problem or injury may include first aid measures, physical therapy, manipulative therapy (such as chiropractic), medicine, and in some cases surgery. Treatment depends on your age and health condition and the location, type, and severity of the injury.

Back pain can cause problems anywhere from the neck to the tailbone (coccyx). The back includes:

* The bones and joints of the spine (vertebraeClick here to see an illustration.).
* The discsClick here to see an illustration. that separate the vertebrae and absorb shock as you move.
* The muscles and ligaments that hold the spine together.

Back injuries are the most common cause of back pain. Injuries frequently occur when you use your back muscles in activities that you do not do very often, such as lifting a heavy object or doing yard work. Minor injuries also may occur from tripping, falling a short distance, or excessive twisting of the spine. Severe back injuries may result from car accidents, falls from significant heights, direct blows to the back or the top of the head, a high-energy fall onto the buttocks, or a penetrating injury such as a stab wound.

Although back pain is often caused by an injury to one or more of the structures of the back, it may have another cause. Some people are more likely to develop back pain than others. Factors that increase your risk for back pain and injury include getting older, having a family history of back pain, sitting for long periods, lifting or pulling heavy objects, or having a degenerative disease such as osteoporosis.

Pain from an injury may cause bruising and swelling soon after the injury. Acute injuries include:

* An injury to the ligaments or muscles in the back, such as a sprain or a strain.
* A fracture or dislocation of the spine. This can cause a spinal cord injury that may lead to permanent paralysis. It is important to immobilize and transport the injured person correctly to reduce the risk of permanent paralysis. See first aid for a spinal injury.

May cause back problems

Back problems may not be related to an injury.

* Some medical conditions can cause pain to spread to the back from other parts of the body (referred pain).
* Spinal deformities such as scoliosis, kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease), and spondylolisthesis can cause back pain.
* Chronic pain syndrome caused by a previous injury or degenerative disease with aging can cause back pain.

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