Baby crocs tell mom its time to hatch from within the eggsJune 24th, 2008 - 12:38 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, June 24 (ANI): For humans, sounds like umph! umph! umph! might not ring a bell, but for a species of crocodiles in their pre-hatching stage, the calls imply telling mom and siblings that it’s time to hatch, according to the report in the June 23rd issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publication.
Whats more, those cries are tell the mother croc to start digging up the nest.
The new findings, made from a series of “playback” experiments, confirm what had only been suspected on the basis of prior anecdotal observation, according to the researchers Amelie Vergne and Nicolas Mathevon of Universite Jean Monnet in France.
The researchers said that the calling behavior is probably critical to the early survival of the young crocodiles.
Although it has not yet been clearly shown, “We can well suppose that hatching synchrony can be of vital importance for crocodiles,” Mathevon said.
“Indeed, most mortality occurs early in life and hatching vocalizations might well attract predators. Therefore, adult presence at the nest and its response to juvenile vocalizations may offer protection against potential predators. In this sense, it is important for all embryos in the nest to be ready for hatching at the same time so that they all receive adult care and protection, he added.
Crocodilians were known to make sounds within the egg shortly before hatching, the researchers said.
To find out what those calls might mean in the new study, the researchers divided crocodile eggs that were due to hatch within 10 days into three groups. One of those groups was played recordings of pre-hatching calls, one was played recordings of noise, and the last was left in silence until they hatched.
The eggs played the pre-hatch sounds more often answered back, they report. Many of the eggs in that group also moved. Finally, all of the eggs in the pre-hatch group hatched during the playback or within 10 minutes of it. Only once did the eggs hearing noise hatch, and the rest hatched at least five hours after the last test.
The researchers then tested the mothers’ responses to the calls.
“In the zoo where we did the experiments, eggs are removed [from the nest] within a few days following the laying date. In spite of this, females continue to guard the nest, the researchers said.
At the end of the incubation period, the researchers hid a loudspeaker underground near the empty nest. They then played pre-hatching calls interspersed with noise to ten mothers. The adults more often turned their heads or moved after egg sounds than after noise, they showed, and eight of the mothers responded to the recorded calls by digging.
The behavior may have a long history, the researchers said. (ANI)
Tags: adult care, adult presence, crocodile, crocodile eggs, crocodiles, current biology, egg, embryos, june 24, mom, mortality, observation, playback experiments, predators, siblings, silence, survival, synchrony, universite jean monnet, vocalizations