A touch of potassium can yield better hydrogen-storage materialsApril 16th, 2009 - 2:25 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, April 16 (ANI): An international research team, including the research group of an Indian origin scientist, has shown that small additions of potassium drastically improve the hydrogen-storage properties of certain types of hydrogen compounds.
The team includes Rajeev Ahuja’s research group at Uppsala University, US.
“Our energy-consuming world has become more and more dependent on new methods of storing and converting energy for new, environmentally friendly means of transportation. Hydrogen, which can be produced with few or no harmful emissions, has been suggested as a long-term solution to future energy needs,” said Rajeev Ahuja, a professor at Uppsala University.
“The interest in research geared to developing a technology for safe and efficient storage of hydrogen has increased considerably,” he added.
His research team is now demonstrating, in collaboration with Professor Ping Chen’s research group at the National University of Singapore, that small additions of potassium hydride dramatically improve the hydrogen-storage properties of a mixture of Mg(NH2)2 and 2LiH.
The new findings are based on both experimental and theoretical data.
The extensive calculations in the study were performed with UPPMAX (Uppsala University Multidisciplinary Center for Advanced Computational Science).
According to Ahuja, “The results clearly show that small additions of potassium hydride dramatically lower the temperature for hydrogen absorption.”
“Based on our theoretical analysis, we can provide a detailed explanation of the atomic mechanisms behind the effect,” he said, adding that this is also of interest for other hydrogen storage systems.
For example, automakers are interested in using solid hydrogen-storage materials as a new type of energy storage in cars.
However, the functional properties of these materials require a mixture of different hydrides and the use of catalytic converters. (ANI)
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Tags: advanced computational science, ahuja, catalytic converters, energy storage, functional properties, harmful emissions, hydrides, hydrogen absorption, hydrogen compounds, hydrogen storage materials, hydrogen storage systems, long term solution, multidisciplinary center, national university of singapore, ping chen, potassium hydride, storage properties, theoretical data, university of singapore, uppsala university