Amid autumn magic, Kashmiri farmers harvest gold (Feature)September 14th, 2011 - 11:46 am ICT by IANS
Srinagar, Sep 14 (IANS) As grain-laden stalks of golden yellow impart a magical hue to the paddy fields of the Kashmir Valley, for local farmers, the season of plenty is here at last. And they have to get the work done quickly, come rain, storm or labour shortage.
There is a nip in the morning and evening air, but harvesting their year’s labour is top priority for thousands of families engaged in paddy cultivation.
“Labour is hard to come by these days, one has to depend mostly on one’s family to reap, thresh and shift the paddy this year,” said Muhammad Rajab, 52, a farmer in north Kashmir Ganderbal district.
The unemployed in the rural areas of Ganderbal district and elsewhere in the state are engaged in various programmes being executed these days under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA).
“I get Rs.140 per day and the flood protection work being carried out in the village is close to my home. This year I have not been troubled to look for work outside the villages because of NREGA,” Sultan Dar, 34, a villager in Ganderbal district, told IANS.
Weather is one of the most critical and limiting factors and dictates haste to the farmers once the paddy turns ripe.
“When the grains are mature and heavy, they droop and the stalks bearing them start giving way. Harvesting must take place quickly so that the grains do not fall down,” said Nazir Ahmad Mir, 42, a farmer in Benhama village of Ganderbal district.
“Also, a light rain or god forbid, a hailstorm, can rid the paddy plants of their grains. Thus, harvesting, gathering and threshing has to happen in quick succession.”
The majority of the valley’s paddy is produced in the south Kashmir districts of Anantnag, Pulwama, Kulgam and Shopian and for this reason, south Kashmir has been called the rice bowl of the valley.
“But no longer. Most of the agricultural land in the valley has been converted into residential plots and sold at exorbitant prices as paddy cultivation has never been a profitable vocation here,” said Bashir Ahmad War, a retired veterinarian here.
“The agricultural lands are protected under local laws and the ‘A’ grade agricultural lands have been reserved exclusively for paddy cultivation. No construction, conversion is allowed under the state laws on these lands, but unscrupulous revenue officials tamper with the records and facilitate the sales of these agricultural lands.”
Even though pollution has been weighing heavily on the local environment, including lakes, rivers, forests, wetlands, most of the mountain streams and rivers fortunately still run crystal clear, murmuring as they tumble over stones and sand.
“There is no music like the music of a brook. It is more soothing than Mozart. We are callous, self-destructive and ignorant. One day even what is left of the mountains, forests and wetlands will be lost. Nobody seems to bother. What is our concern for posterity?” professor Muzaffar Ahmad, a local college principal, told IANS.
Despite the colossal damage suffered by local forests, lakes, rivers and wetlands, Kashmir is still the most beautiful place one can ever visit.
And for farmers, the first priority continues to be the timely harvesting of their produce.
“Time and tide wait for none, a light rain or an autumnal hailstorm can undo the whole year’s toil,” said Hassan Parray, another farmer in Haripora village on the Srinagar-Leh national highway.
(Sheikh Qayoom can be contacted at email@example.com)
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Tags: agricultural land, evening air, flood protection, hailstorm, harvest gold, kashmir valley, labour shortage, light rain, limiting factors, mahatma gandhi, morning and evening, nazir ahmad, north kashmir, paddy fields, rain storm, rajab, residential plots, rice bowl, top priority, villager