Durban talks: India’s gains and lossesDecember 15th, 2011 - 4:42 pm ICT by IANS
The UN climate change talks in Durban arrived at a four-pronged Durban Package to save the planet by controlling emission of greenhouse gases. The gains and losses for developing countries like India:
* Principle of equity: Every person in the world should have an equal carbon space in the atmosphere.
* Gets nine years of economic growth without any emission cuts.
* Principle of common but differentiated responsibility: Recognising that developed countries are principally responsible for the current high levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere as a result of more than 150 years of industrial activity; hence, there is a heavier burden on developed nations to cut emission.
Durban package doesn’t mention:
* Technology Transfer: Developing countries like India have been demanding that rich countries provide them technologies that are more energy efficient and help them in reducing emissions. The intellectual property rights issues are a bone of contention as rich countries do not want to do away with the IPRs.
* Unilateral Trade Measures: India had objected to countries levying taxes like aviation tax by the European Union that will come into effect from 2012 in the name of cutting emissions.
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Tags: atmosphere, aviation tax, bone of contention, climate change talks, developed countries, developed nations, developing countries, economic growth, european union, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, India, intellectual property rights, losses, nine years, principle, rich countries, technology transfer, unilateral trade measures