Bad news from scientists: Thar desert growing fastMay 22nd, 2008 - 9:40 am ICT by admin
New Delhi, May 22 (IANS) The Thar desert is expanding in the eastern and northeastern directions, scientists say and warn that desertification is a challenge that India is going to increasingly face. “Projections indicate significant increase in the desert area over India over the next 100 years,” says scientists P. Goswami and K.V. Ramesh of the CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation at Bangalore.
Their findings were published in the Current Science journal, a respected journal founded in 1932 and brought out from Bangalore in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences.
Goswami and Ramesh said efforts had been made to choose a reliable projection “which shows a sharp increase in the size of the Indian desert in the next 100 years”.
Rainfall patterns had also been studied for the purpose.
The Thar desert, also known as the Great Indian desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. It has an area of more than 200,000 sq km, and currently is the world’s seventh largest desert.
It lies mostly in the state of Rajasthan and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab and into northern Gujarat. In Pakistan, the desert covers the eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan’s Punjab province.
The Thar desert is bounded on the northwest by the Sutlej river, on the east by the Aravalli range, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes included in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus river.
C-MMACS, as the Bangalore-based centre is called, was set up after the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), in the late 1980s, recognised the growing significance of mathematical modelling and computer simulation.
Officials say it then “became evident” that modelling approaches were critical for illuminating the structure and evolution of complex systems that were “invading the areas of scientific analysis and technological design”.
- India's Thar desert growing fast - May 19, 2008
- 'It will take 300yrs to reclaim land swallowed by deserts in China' - Jan 05, 2011
- Pakistan war-gaming to counter India's military plan - Jun 05, 2011
- India-US science body seeks removal of visa problems - Jun 13, 2012
- Dam discharge floods low-lying areas in Punjab - Aug 21, 2011
- China needs 300 years to win battle against desert - Jan 06, 2011
- China's largest desert lake may vanish in 10 years - Dec 23, 2011
- Jaitapur n-plant site not immune to quake: Experts - Nov 23, 2011
- Institute of Mathematical Sciences open to sharing supercomputer - Jul 30, 2010
- Now, excess water dispute between India and Pakistan - Aug 27, 2010
- Punjab cautions against possibility of floods - Aug 17, 2011
- Global meet in China to discuss desertification - Jun 14, 2011
- Bhakra Dam reservoir's water level rises - Aug 25, 2011
- Experts advice against vertical development of Delhi - Feb 16, 2012
- Dust in Earth's atmosphere has doubled since the beginning of 20th century - Jan 09, 2011
Tags: arid region, computer simulation, current science, desert area, goswami, great indian desert, indian academy of sciences, indian subcontinent, indus river, mathematical modelling, northern gujarat, punjab province, rainfall patterns, salt marsh, science journal, sindh province, southeastern portion, southern portion, state of rajasthan, sutlej river