Physicists create millimeter-sized Bohr atomJuly 1st, 2008 - 3:05 pm ICT by ANI
Washington, July 1 (ANI): A Rice University-led team of physicists has created giant, millimeter-sized atoms that resemble the famous Bohr Atom more closely than any other experimental realization yet achieved.
Bohr offered the first successful theoretical model of the atom in 1913, suggesting that electrons traveled in orbits around the atom’s nucleus like planets orbiting a star.
Bohrs model led to a deeper understanding of both the chemical and optical properties of atoms and won him a Nobel Prize in 1922.
But, his notion of electrons traveling in discrete orbits was eventually displaced by quantum mechanics, which revealed that electrons dont have precise positions, but are instead distributed in wave-like patterns.
In a sufficiently large system, the quantum effects at the atomic scale can transition into the classical mechanics found in Bohrs model, said lead researcher Barry Dunning, Rices Sam and Helen Worden Professor of Physics and Astronomy.
Using highly excited Rydberg atoms and a series of pulsed electric fields, we were able to manipulate the electron motion and create circular, planet-like states, he added.
The team included members from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vienna University of Technology.
Using lasers, the researchers excited potassium atoms to extremely high levels.
Using a carefully tailored series of short electric pulses, the team was then able to coax the atoms into a precise configuration with one point-like, localized electron orbiting far from the nucleus. In fact, the atoms are true atomic giants, with diameters approaching one millimeter.
Our measurements show that the electrons remain localized for several orbits and behave much as classical particles, said Dunning.
According to Dunning, the work has potential applications in next-generation computers and in the study of classical and quantum chaos. (ANI)
Tags: atomic scale, bohr atom, classical mechanics, classical particles, electric pulses, electron motion, experimental realization, model of the atom, next generation computers, nobel prize, oak ridge national laboratory, potassium atoms, precise configuration, precise positions, properties of atoms, quantum chaos, quantum effects, quantum mechanics, ridge national laboratory, vienna university