Youths hit hardest by high unemployment, says UNFebruary 6th, 2012 - 9:05 pm ICT by IANS
New Delhi, Feb 6 (IANS) Unemployment among the youths has risen sharply in the recent years resulting in social unrest and political turmoil in many countries, especially in the Middle East and North Africa region, a United Nations report said Monday.
In the aftermath of the economic crisis, the global youth unemployment rate saw its largest annual increase in 2009, resulting in around 75.8 million unemployed youths.
The situation has not improved much since then. In 2010, the global youth unemployment rate was 12.6 percent, which was substantially higher when compared to the global adult unemployment rate of 4.8 percent, according to a United Nations report titled “Youth Employment: Youth Perspectives on the Pursuit of Decent Work in Changing Times”.
“Today we have the largest generation of young people the world has ever known,” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in the report.
“They are demanding their rights and a greater voice in economic and political life. We need to pull the UN system together like never before to support a new social contract of job-rich economic growth. Let us start with young people,” he said.
The report points out that high unemployment among youths was one of the main reasons for the recent political unrest in the Middle East and North Africa region, which saw hundreds getting killed in clashes and regime change in some countries.
The total youth unemployment rate in 2010 was 25.5 percent in the Middle East and 23.8 percent in North Africa. Female youth unemployment in these regions was particularly striking, at 39.4 percent in the Middle East and 34.1 percent in North Africa.
Even after finding work, young workers continue to confront job instability, few opportunities for skills development and advancement, and joblessness.
They are more likely to be in vulnerable jobs, which can further adversely affect their future livelihood and income prospects. In fact, young people make up a disproportionate number of the world’s working poor, the report said.
Data on the working poor, many of whom work in the informal economy, is limited. However, where data is available, youths represent 23.5 percent of the total working poor, compared with just 18.6 percent of non-poor workers.
Young people who are able to find a job must accept “an extremely low salary. Some employers are using this as an opportunity to exploit youth,” the report quoted Parth, a 24-year old from India, as saying.
The report, released by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, also outlines the situation of young people in the labour market and youth employment trends.
- No recovery in sight for global labour market: UN - May 01, 2012
- 4.5 mn jobs at risk in eurozone in four years: UN - Jul 12, 2012
- ILO warns of new global jobs crisis - Apr 30, 2012
- 75 mn youths to be unemployed in 2012: ILO - May 22, 2012
- Poor literacy major problem for Indian youths, says report - Apr 19, 2012
- One in four Italians face poverty due to recession - May 24, 2011
- IBSA hopes Middle East, north Africa changes will be peaceful - Mar 08, 2011
- Profiles of candidates for World Bank president - Mar 24, 2012
- Unemployment rises in Spain - Apr 04, 2012
- Abu Dhabi voted 'Best City' in MENA region - Nov 26, 2010
- ILO urges balanced approach to tackle job crisis - Jun 15, 2010
- G-20 Summit Declaration - Jun 20, 2012
- Global imbalances could spark civil wars: IMF - Feb 03, 2011
- BRICS regrets force, but doesn't oppose air strikes in Libya (Roundup) - Apr 14, 2011
- Chinese premier warns of `complicated, grim' job situation - Jul 23, 2012
Tags: ban ki moon, clashes, decent work, economic crisis, global youth, income prospects, joblessness, livelihood, north africa region, political turmoil, political unrest, regime change, social contract, social unrest, un secretary general, unemployed youths, unemployment rate, youth employment, youth perspectives, youth unemployment