Rajan panel report on financial reforms by SeptemberJune 10th, 2008 - 6:54 pm ICT by IANS
By Rajeev Ranjan Roy
New Delhi, June 10 (IANS) The high-power Raghuram G. Rajan panel on financial reforms, framing a series of suggestions to make India a financial powerhouse over the next five years, will present its final report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh by September. The panel, headed by former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Raghuram G. Rajan, met at the Planning Commission here Tuesday to discuss the draft recommendations presented two months ago.
Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, who also attended the meeting, stressed on implementing the reforms suggested by the high-power committee to take India to the next level in this competitive world of global financial system, officials said.
Ahluwalia particularly stressed on making the financial markets friendlier for growth and more efficient and liquid - which were a part of the 35 broad-based reforms the committee’s draft report has suggested.
In the current context of rising prices, the panel members said people should not expect any “magic” from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which should be allowed to focus on controlling inflation instead of having irreconcilable mandates.
“The RBI must formally have a single objective to stay close to a low inflation number or within a range in the medium term, and move steadily to a single instrument, the short term interest rate to achieve it,” says the report.
Besides Rajan, now a professor in the University of Chicago, the high-powered committee includes ICICI Bank chief K.V. Kamath, State Bank of India chairman O.P. Bhatt and credit rating agency Crisil’s chief R. Ravimohan.
Those who attended Tuesday’s meeting included plan panel member Abhijit Sen, director-general of the National Council for Applied Economic Research Suman Berry, and the chief economic advisor in the finance ministry, Arvind Virmani.
“India is at a turning point in its financial sector,” says the draft report of the committee set up by the plan panel, which says the country should be liberal in allowing take-overs of banks by both domestic and foreign entities and sell state-run financial institutions that are under-performing.
“The proper role of the government today is to improve the financial sector’s infrastructure and regulation even while removing the plethora of constraints and distortions that have built up over the years,” the committee adds.
The committee, in its draft report, advises the government not to impose direct control over financial institutions so that they can do their jobs.
“The populism and the direct intervention, that unfortunately seems to be making a comeback, should be relegated firmly to the past,” adds the 241-page report, presented to the Planning Commission.
On the issue of allowing the subsidiaries of foreign banks to take over domestic institutions, the committee feels this would substantially increase the pressure on existing players.
“This can be salutary, but domestic banks need to prepare themselves to meet the challenge.”
The committee admits the sale of large state-run banks to equally large private banks could raise issues of concentration and offloading them to industrial houses has been problematic across the world.
It, therefore, feels the pragmatic approach should be to focus on reforming the governance structure and acquiring strategic partners with eventual sale based on the experience, public mood and political environment.
According to the panel members, inclusion, growth, and stability were the three main objectives of any reform process and the fortunate part was that these were not in contradiction.
“With the right reforms, the financial sector can be an enormous source of job creation both directly, and indirectly through the enterprise and consumption it can support with financing,” it says.
“But without reforms, the financial sector could become an increasing source of risk, as the mismatches between the capacity and needs of the real economy and the capabilities of the financial sector widen,” it warns.
The report says the government has an opportunity where the process of gaining productivity and innovativeness to serve the masses will give a unique edge to the financial sector to become competitive internationally.
“The road to making Mumbai an international financial centre runs through every village and slum in India,” says the report, commenting on the government’s aim to make India’s commercial capital a global financial hub as well.
“The country’s leaders have a choice to make, and this committee hopes they will make the right one.”
Other recommendations include:
- Liberalize interest rates with transparent disclosures;
- Allow local agents to extend financial services;
- Make boards of large public sector banks stronger;
- De-link banks from additional government oversight;
- Steadily open up corporate and government bond market;
- Free banks to set up branches and ATMs anywhere;
- Set up a financial sector oversight agency;
- Set up an office of the financial ombudsman;
- Strengthen Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corp;
- Encourage strong asset reconstruction companies, and,
- Formulate a bankruptcy code in the Indian context
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