Nazis conducted gruesome experiments on prisoners to further medical researchDecember 2nd, 2008 - 3:05 pm ICT by ANI
London, Dec 2 (ANI): A new book has determined that the Nazis conducted gruesome experiments on prisoners of war during the Second World War for medical research, which was in direct violation of basic medical ethics.
The book is called The Third Reich at War: How the Nazis Led Germany from Conquest to Disaster, and has been authored by Richard Evans.
According to a report in the Telegraph, the book indicates that medicine was both dominant in the world of science under the Third Reich, and closely allied to the Nazi project.
German scientists used to conduct experiments on concentration camp inmates to gratify their own cruel impulses, according to Evans.
Much of what scientists did under Hitlers rule was regarded as normal science, subject to standard protocols of peer review in conferences and journals.
The infamous Dr Josef Mengeles research at Auschwitz, in particular, shows how the system worked.
His experiments there were intended to be a contribution to his second doctorate, the Habilitation, which all German academics needed to qualify for a university professorship.
Under his teachers guidance, Mengele selected twins from the trainloads of Jews who arrived and injected them with chemicals to see if they reacted differently from one another.
He collected prisoners with physical abnormalities, such as heterochromia having a different colour in each eye to investigate if their condition was hereditary.
He treated gipsy and other children for starvation-related diseases, using vitamins and sulphonamides, to see if there were hereditary differences in their response to the therapy.
Mengeles work was pure research, without any obvious practical application.
He gained his notoriety from his willingness to kill his subjects under certain circumstances such as settling an argument about a diagnosis by executing patients and performing an autopsy.
However, most survivors remembered him not for his experiments, but for his ruthless and brutal behaviour on the selection ramp, or in the camp hospital, where he frequently consigned sick inmates to the gas chamber on the slightest of whims.
Many such projects were directly conceived as practical contributions to the German war effort.
In a variety of camps, SS doctors used inmates to test treatments for injuries sustained in battle, cutting open their calves and sewing bits of glass or wood or gauze impregnated with bacteria into the wounds, sometimes even smashing the prisoners bones with hammers to create a more realistic effect. (ANI)
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Tags: concentration camp inmates, german academics, german scientists, gruesome experiments, habilitation, heterochromia, medical ethics, nazi project, normal science, notoriety, physical abnormalities, practical application, prisoners of war, richard evans, science subject, second world war, sulphonamides, third reich, university professorship, world of science