Arctic holds 90 billion barrels of oil: USJuly 24th, 2008 - 1:42 pm ICT by IANS
Washington, July 24 (Xinhua) The area north of the Arctic Circle has an estimated 90 billion barrels of recoverable oil, the US Geological Survey (USGS) has said. Included in the Artic bonanza is 1,670 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, the USGS said in a statement posted on its website.
The Arctic Circle is the name given to the region around the North Pole. It includes the Arctic Ocean, the northern parts of Europe, Asia, North America and the Russian Far East.
The natural resources are distributed in 25 geologically defined areas thought to have potential for petroleum, according to the assessment, which is the first publicly available petroleum resource estimate of the entire area north of the Arctic Circle.
These resources account for about 22 percent of the undiscovered, technically recoverable resources in the world.
The Arctic itself accounts for about 13 percent of the undiscovered oil, 30 percent of the undiscovered natural gas, and 20 percent of the undiscovered natural gas liquids in the world.
About 84 percent of the estimated resources are expected to occur offshore.
“Before we can make decisions about our future use of oil and gas and related decisions about protecting endangered species, native communities and the health of our planet, we need to know what’s out there,” said USGS director Mark Myers.
“With this assessment, we’re providing the same information to everyone in the world so that the global community can make those difficult decisions.”
Of the estimated total, more than half the undiscovered oil resources are estimated to occur in three geologic provinces — Arctic Alaska, the Amerasia Basin, and the East Greenland Rift Basins.
On an oil-equivalency basis, undiscovered natural gas is estimated to be three times more abundant than oil in the Arctic. More than 70 percent of the undiscovered natural gas is estimated to occur in three provinces — the West Siberian Basin, the East Barents Basins, and Arctic Alaska, the assessment shows.
Till now, exploration for petroleum has already resulted in the discovery of more than 400 oil and gas fields north of the Arctic Circle.
These fields account for approximately 40 billion barrels of oil, more than 1,100 trillion cubic feet of gas, and 8.5 billion barrels of natural gas liquids.
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Tags: amerasia basin, arctic alaska, arctic circle, difficult decisions, east greenland, europe asia, geologic provinces, mark myers, native communities, natural gas liquids, petroleum resource, protecting endangered species, recoverable oil, recoverable resources, resource estimate, rift basins, russian far east, undiscovered natural gas, undiscovered oil, us geological survey